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Étude des séries volcano-sédimentaires de la région de Dabakala (Nord-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire) : genèse et évolution magmatique : contribution à la connaissance de la minéralisation aurifère de Bobosso dans la série de la Haute-Comoé

Abstract : In Dabakala region located in the northeastern part of Côte d'Ivoire, the birimian crust of West Africa displays three volcano-Sedimentary series: the Upper Comoé serie to the east, and the Upper N'Zi and Fettêkro series to the west. These three volcano-Sedimentary series are NNE-SSW oriented and enclose an important granitic mass dated to 2.1 Ga; thus constituting a granitic ridge bordered by two volcano-Sedimentary trenches.Petrographic and geochemical data show that these pyroclastic rocks have basalts, andesites, andesite basalts, dacites, rhyolites and rhyodacites compositions. Metabasites are generally subalkaline to peralkaline and show their source composition between those of N- MORB and E- MORB. Fettêkro serie basalts, with La / Yb values between 1.43 to 1.83 and La values between 2.21 to 5.6, are close to average of Nauru basalts and belts’ mafic. Their magmatic source would be spinel lherzolite type, with probably possible crustal contamination in an environment of implementing intra -Oceanic environment with building oceanic plateaus. Andesites show an affinity to continental and mature island arcs basalts, corresponding to a subduction model with crustal delamination. Acid volcanics are implemented in a volcanic arcs context and follow a calc-Alkaline suite.The plutonic rocks of the Dabakala region are composed to pegmatite, alkali and natural granite, granodiorite, diorite and gabbro. These rocks correspond to syn-Collisional volcanic arc plutonites, and are probably related to a calc-Alkaline magmatism of active margins. Metasediments generally defer in the field of continental island arcs.Structurally, the Dabakala region has major fractures directions oriented NS to NNE-SSW sinistral for most (older), N90° to N100° dextral (latest), NW-SE to NNW-SSE dextral or sinistral. A significant structure, oriented N075° to N080° is identified for the first time: the Sarala fault (FSr). The structural map of the Bobosso gold prospect generally indicates a strong development of NNE-SSW lineaments cut by NW-SE lineaments. The first ones draw a first order megastructure called Bobosso Tectonic Zone (ZTB), containing multiple secondary structures or mineralized lenses.Concerning gold mineralization, the Bobosso prospect (Upper-Comoé serie) has a polyphase deformation with brittle deformation as manifested in several ways. The latter is the cause of the formation of several generations of quartz veins. Gold mineralization presents mainly a structural control by quartz veins, related to the development of intrusions in basalts and andesites.. Two types of mineralization may be mentioned: disseminated and vein. This bimodal distribution of gold has also been highlighted in the Ashanti belt deposits in Ghana and several gold deposits known worldwide.Disseminated mineralization is syngenetic and relies on the existence of high grade in sections of surveys without quartz vein. The vein mineralization is evidently epigenetic. The highest grades were obtained in sections showing the presence of lenses, veins and quartz veins, tourmaline ± calcite ± sulfides. The metalliferous paragenesis consists essentially of pyrite, but pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite and arsenopyrite with presence of magnetite and hematite. Gold is not visible, even in the drill sections with the highest grades.We retain two main phases of mineralization in the Bobosso gold prospect: 1) a first phase (SEDEX type) occurred while opening rear arc basins. It occurs mainly in the metasediments and 2) a second phase (hydrothermal) related to the implementation of various granitoids in the metasediments and volcanics when closing pools at the end of the eburnean orogeny. Vein mineralization shows higher grades of gold.
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Allou Gnanzou. Étude des séries volcano-sédimentaires de la région de Dabakala (Nord-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire) : genèse et évolution magmatique : contribution à la connaissance de la minéralisation aurifère de Bobosso dans la série de la Haute-Comoé. Sciences de la Terre. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI; Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire), 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA112133⟩. ⟨tel-01127955⟩

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