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Theses

Etre une femme de lettres en France au XXe siècle : Simone de Beauvoir, Nathalie Sarraute, Marguerite Yourcenar

Abstract : Eschewing the most wide-spread conventional ways of exploring the subject (feminist criticism, psychoanalysis, structuralism and traditional linear pattern of writing literary biographies), this study undertakes instead to construct a “personal genealogy” of the three French women writers and intellectuals of the past century, using the notions derived to a considerable extent from the thought of Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault, as well as from the critical approaches elaborated by the new criticism and the reader response literary theory. This manner of reading the 20th century French women’s writers leads the researcher to examine the stereotypes of the “feminine literature” prevailing at that time in order to explain the complex play of different kinds of power involved in the emergence of the interwar women writers generation refusing any collective identity, as well as any filiation with their feminine predecessors (George Sand, Rachilde, Colette, Anna de Noailles, Marcelle Tinayre, etc.). Not surprisingly, the women writers of the “new wave” promote instead the idea of making oneself: the human subject is therefore viewed as a product of social and discursive forces that every single individual’s choice is to confirm or to reject. Thus, the inferiority assigned to the women’s writing is neither called in question nor denounced: it is simply passed over, evaded considering this generic identity irrelevant to the exceptional cases of the striking personalities - the influential (women) intellectuals and the successful (women) authors.
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Anna Krykun. Etre une femme de lettres en France au XXe siècle : Simone de Beauvoir, Nathalie Sarraute, Marguerite Yourcenar. Littératures. Université Paris-Est; Natsional'nyi universytet "Kyyevo-Mohylians'ka akademiya" (Kiev), 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST0032⟩. ⟨tel-01127953⟩

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