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Multimodal image registration for the characterization of the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the cardiac asynchronism

Abstract : This work concerns cardiac characterization, a major methodological and clinical issue, both to improve disease diagnostic and to optimize its treatment. Multisensor registration and fusion methods are proposed to bring into a common referential data from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMRI), dynamic cardiac X-ray computed tomography (CT), speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and electro-anatomical mappings of the inner left ventricular chamber (EAM). These data is used to describe the heart by its anatomy, electrical and mechanical function, and the state of the myocardial tissue. The methods proposed to register the multimodal datasets rely on two main processes: temporal registration and spatial registration. The temporal dimensions of input data (images) are warped with an adaptive dynamic time warping (ADTW) method. This method allowed to handle the nonlinear temporal relationship between the different acquisitions. Concerning the spatial registration, iconic methods were developed, on the one hand, to correct for motion artifacts in cine acquisition, to register cine-CMRI and late gadolinium CMRI (LGE-CMRI), and to register cine-CMRI with dynamic CT. On the other hand, a contour-based method developed in a previous work was enhanced to account for multiview STE acquisitions. These methods were evaluated on real data in terms of the best metrics to use and of the accuracy of the iconic methods, and to assess the STE to cine-CMRI registration. The fusion of these multisensor data enabled to get insights about the diseased heart in the context of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and cardiac asynchronism. For HCM, we aimed to improve the understanding of STE by fusing fibrosis from LGE-CMRI with strain from multiview 2D STE. This analysis allowed to assess the significance of regional STE strain as a surrogate of the presence of regional myocardial fibrosis. Concerning cardiac asynchronism, we aimed to describe the intra-segment electro-mechanical coupling of the left ventricle using fused data from STE, EAM, CT and, if relevant, from LGE-CMRI. This feasibility study provided new elements to select the optimal sites for LV stimulation.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01127642, version 1

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Julian Andrés Betancur Acevedo. Multimodal image registration for the characterization of the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the cardiac asynchronism. Signal and Image processing. Université Rennes 1, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014REN1S089⟩. ⟨tel-01127642⟩

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