Techniques vertes d’optimisation et d’adaptation du lien radio sans-fil

Abstract : Over the past few years, information and communications technologies have experienced a spectacular development. Traffic demand grows exponentially while energy efficiency of networks –usually defined as the ratio between delivered power and supplied power- only increases linearly. In order to supply the data traffic, it is necessary to duplicate networks equipments increasing energy costs for operators and carbon dioxide emissions. To face this dramatic situation, several projects and consortiums have been created and aim to increase networks energy efficiency. For instance, the GreenTouch™ consortium funded in 2010 aims to improve networks energy efficiency by a factor 1000 by 2015 and to reduce energy consumption of TICs by 90% by 2020 (compared with 2010 levels). METIS project aims to define 2020s communications (5G) search for efficient solutions with low costs, low resources use and low power consumption of systems. MiWEBA project brings millimeter-waves into the mobile radio word to extend the network capacity by 1000 at reasonable cost.In this thesis we study two solutions to answer 5G challenges and reduce radiated power levels of telecommunications systems: physical layer improvements through spatial focalization techniques and multi-technologies link adaptation. This thesis main goal is to achieve very high data transmission rates with high energy efficiency and seamless connectivity using multiple-interfaces technologies even in networks composed of a high number of low-complexity devices.The thesis is organized as follows: first, Time Reversal (TR) and Equal Gain Transmission (EGT) implementation is studied and applied to a system using the latest amendments of IEEE 802.11 standard, including 60 GHz transmissions. Performance of these techniques is analyzed in order to identify optimal conditions of use and it is shown that they only require a minimum of two transmit antennas to increase the energetic performance of systems while having a low implementation complexity. Standard modifications allowing an increase of energy efficiency are proposed. Then, a cross-layer analysis is performed to define channel estimation protocols taking TR specificities into account. Moreover, TR energetic benefits are validated considering its drawbacks at the link layer level. Finally, a time-availability metric is defined and associated to existing mono or multi-technologies adaptation techniques and aim to increase energy efficiency without degrading the performance of systems using random access to the communication channel. This metrics allows –in some configurations- to increase by a factor seven the energy efficiency of a system using Wi-Fi and, in a multi-technologies scenario, to allocate the data traffic to the several interfaces in order to avoid communication channels saturation.
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Marc-Antoine Bouzigues. Techniques vertes d’optimisation et d’adaptation du lien radio sans-fil. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. INSA de Rennes, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ISAR0021⟩. ⟨tel-01127554⟩

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