Impact du vieillissement humide sur le comportement d'un composite à matrice organique tissé fabriqué par injection RTM : Mise en évidence d'un couplage entre absorption d'eau et thermo-oxydation de la matrice

Abstract : The initiative of this work is based on weight saving European program of aeronautic structures. It takes part of PRC-Composites project and aim to develop processes and new materials. This thesis belong with this whole project and wants to highlight, to analyze, to understand, then to modelize water absorption phenomena in an organic composite (carbon/epoxy) 2D woven, manufactured by RTM process. The final objective is to evaluate the effect of moisture on the mechanical behavior.The method consists in studying the effect of water ageing on components: neat resin, interface/interphase resin/tow, and composite.For the neat resin (RTM6), a complicated coupling between water sorption and thermo-oxidation of the matrix at 70°C has been demonstrated, uncoupled and then experimentally quantified using a coupled diffuso-mechanical model. A study based on the use of “mono-tow” samples, specially manufactured for this work, has shown – on the microscopic scale – the presence of interface/interphase resin/tow has no significant effect on the diffusion kinetic through the matrix. In moist/oxidant environment, the composite behavior (RTM6/AS7) has been explored relaying on established ideas related to components. Water diffusion has been modelized through an explicit representation of the microstructure and by including neat resin established model. The aged composite behavior has been evaluated with uni-axial tensile tests in 3 directions (0°, 90° and 45°). These experiments show the interest of the component pre-study.
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Aline Simar. Impact du vieillissement humide sur le comportement d'un composite à matrice organique tissé fabriqué par injection RTM : Mise en évidence d'un couplage entre absorption d'eau et thermo-oxydation de la matrice. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ESMA0021⟩. ⟨tel-01127544⟩

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