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Laser-induced plasma as a function of the laser parameters and the ambient gas

Abstract : Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has been invented for more than 50 years, which analyzes the spectrum of the laser-induced plasma to determine the elemental composition of the ablated sample. Recently, LIBS technique has been well developed and applied in different domains, for example oceanic exploration, pollution monitoring in the environment. LIBS uses the ablation plasma as a light source that contains the elemental composition information of the sample. However, the laser-induced plasma exhibits a transient behavior. Although time-resolved and gated detection can greatly improve the performance of the LIBS technique especially that of calibration-free LIBS (CF-LIBS) with a better determination of plasma temperature, the temporal evolution of the plasma is correlated to its morphology and its spatial inhomogeneity. The determination of the morphology as well as the internal structure of the plasma together with their evolution during plasma expansion into the ambient gas is therefore crucial for the optimization of the use of ablation plasma as a spectroscopic emission source. Evolutions of the morphology and the internal structure of the ablation plasma are considered as the consequence of its hydrodynamic expansion into the ambient gas. Following the thesis of Qianli Ma which has studied the effect of laser wavelength on the behavior of the plasma induced in an ambient gas of argon, the present thesis has used the same diagnostic techniques (time- and space-resolved emission spectroscopy and fast spectroscopic images) together with 1064 nm ns laser pulse ablation of a target of aluminum to investigate the effects of other parameters, such as the fluence and the duration of laser pulse, the effect of different ambient gases (argon and air), on the morphology and internal structure of the plasma. Furthermore, in order to understand the effects of these parameters on the properties of the plasma, the microscopic mechanisms during post ablation and the propagation of the plasma are also studied. While the plasma cools down in air, molecules are formed, AlO for instance. So the thesis also studied the condition for the formation of the molecules in the plasma. Beyond the practical interest of this study for LIBS, it provides also insights to the kinetics of the AlO molecule formation in laserinduced plasma
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Xueshi Bai. Laser-induced plasma as a function of the laser parameters and the ambient gas. Plasma Physics [physics.plasm-ph]. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LYO10333⟩. ⟨tel-01127499⟩

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