Incorporation d'iode dans des phosphates de calcium de structure apatitique

Abstract : In order to avoid the release of 129I (long-lived intermediate-level waste) in the environment, we describe a novel material incorporating iodate in a calcium phosphate based hydroxyapatite. This material is prepared by two synthetic processes: a wet precipitation route followed by a spark plasma sintering and a cementitious route. A high iodine content (with a maximum incorporation rate of 10 wt.%) is reached for both processes, by incorporation of the iodate in the apatitic structure. A monolith with relative density of 88.6% was obtained after shaping of the precipitated powders by spark plasma sintering. This material reveals satisfactory leaching properties, with an initial leaching rate in pure water at 50 °C of 10-2 g.m-2.j-1, and a residual leaching rate at 50 °C of 10-5 g.m-2.j-1 in underground water of potential geological repositories. All in all, this material is a potential candidate for the conditioning of radioactive iodine.
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Antoine Coulon. Incorporation d'iode dans des phosphates de calcium de structure apatitique. Autre. Université de Limoges, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014LIMO0028⟩. ⟨tel-01127482⟩

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