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Etude expérimentale et théorique de l'endommagement du graphite sous sollicitation dynamique - Application aux impacts hypervéloces

Abstract : Composite materials are widely used in various applications and may be submittedto hypervelocity impacts (HVI), such as in the aerospace field. The size of the impactors beingclose to that of a strand of fibers, mesoscopic simulations are of great interest but they need reliablenumerical models for each meso-Constituent. Graphite often being used as fiber or matrix,we studied its dynamic behavior. Penetration and craterization experiments have been conductedonto porous isotropic graphite. Post-Mortem analysis of targets, associated to order-Of-Magnitudecalculations, sheds a new light on the phenomenology of impacts and brings useful informationfor numerical simulation. A model for porous and brittle materials, implemented into a hydrocode,is used. Partially based on static mechanical properties, it has been progressively tested on planeshocks. Its use for simulating HVI gives satisfying results. Nevertheless, it was necessary to validateit by disregarding the projectile behavior. In that purpose, a campaign of laser-Driven shocks hasbeen conducted. In-Situ diagnostics have been simultaneously used and their correlation with postmortemanalysis allowed the identification of different damaging regimes of the targets. Finally,although the equivalence between HVI and laser-Driven shocks is not proved, the latter turned outto be complementary, suggesting the future evolutions of the numerical model.
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Gabriel Seisson. Etude expérimentale et théorique de l'endommagement du graphite sous sollicitation dynamique - Application aux impacts hypervéloces. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ESMA0015⟩. ⟨tel-01127342⟩

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