La mort dans l'oeuvre de Yann-Ber Kalloc'h et Loeiz Herrieu : analyse de l´idée de la mort dans les poèmes de Yann-Ber Kalloc´h écrits pendant la Première Guerre mondiale et dans le récit de guerre Kammdro an Ankoù, Le Tournant de la mort, de Loeiz Herrieu

Antony Heulin 1
1 CRBC Rennes - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
UR2 - Université de Rennes 2 : EA 4451, CRBC - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
Abstract : The present thesis focuses on the conception of death in Breton writer Loeiz Herrieu’s story Kammdro an Ankou U – At the turn of Death, drawned from August 1914 to February 1919, as well as in Breton poet Yann-Ber Kalloc'h’s poems from his anthology Ar in Deulin – On my knees, written in Breton at the beginning of World War I. It fits within the scope of civilisation studies. First and foremost, the concepts of death and war are defined and illustrated through various sources and references, which give the reader insight into both men’s and their contemporaries’ mindsets. Besides, this thesis examines how Loeiz Herrieu and Yann-Ber Kalloc’h expressed their respective conception of death in their respective works. The critical comparison thus brings to light not only the very nature of the collective representations which influenced these works – especially those originating from the Catholic or nationalist, both Breton and French, imagination – but also to what extend the unprecedented conditions induced by the Great War forced these two men to invent new representations through their creation. Consequently, they gained a certain amount of individual freedom and a voice of their own, in this crucial moment of transition between tradition and modernity in society. Such a transition introduces the complete break of the development of individualism in European societies. In this perspective, the perception of Loeiz Herrieu and Yann-Ber Kalloc’h’s works improves the current understanding of the Breton folk’s state of mind at the beginning of the 20th century and of the reasons why Breton men accepted to go and sacrifice their lives on the battlefield in the name of France
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Antony Heulin. La mort dans l'oeuvre de Yann-Ber Kalloc'h et Loeiz Herrieu : analyse de l´idée de la mort dans les poèmes de Yann-Ber Kalloc´h écrits pendant la Première Guerre mondiale et dans le récit de guerre Kammdro an Ankoù, Le Tournant de la mort, de Loeiz Herrieu. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université Rennes 2, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014REN20029⟩. ⟨tel-01127282⟩

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