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Robust 3D watermarking

Xavier Rolland-Nevière 1
1 GEOMETRICA - Geometric computing
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : 3D models are valuable assets widely used in the industry and likely to face piracy issues. This dissertation deals with robust mesh watermarking that is used for traitor-Tracing. Following a review of state-Of-The-Art 3D watermarking systems, the robustness of several content adaptation transforms are benchmarked. An embedding domain robust against pose is investigated, with a thickness estimation based on a robust distance function to a point cloud constructed from some mesh diameters. A benchmark showcases the performance of this domain that provides a basis for robust watermarking in 3D animations. For static meshes, modulating the radial distances is an efficient approach to watermarking. It has been formulated as a quadratic programming problem minimizing the geometric distortion while embedding the payload in the radial distances. This formulation is leveraged to create a robust watermarking framework, with the integration of the spread-Transform, integral reference primitives, arbitrarily selected relocation directions and alternate metrics to minimize the distortion perceived. Benchmarking results showcase the benefits of these add-Ons w.r.t the fidelity vs. robustness watermarking trade-Off. The watermark security is then investigated with two obfuscation mechanisms and a series of attacks that highlight the remaining limitations. A resynchronization approach is finally integrated to deal with cropping attacks. The resynchronization embeds land-Marks in a configuration that conveys synchronization information that will be lost after cropping. During the decoding, this information is blindly retrieved and significant robustness improvements are achieved.
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Xavier Rolland-Nevière. Robust 3D watermarking. Other. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014NICE4083⟩. ⟨tel-01127191⟩

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