Fragilisation du cuivre par le mercure liquide : étude expérimentale et numérique

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to make an advance in the liquid metal embrittlement (LME) understanding, based on the experimental and numerical studies of the copper/mercury system. OFHC (Oxygen Free High Conductivity) copper embrittlement by liquid mercury is studied and quantified by toughness measures. Moreover, grain boundary engineering (GBE) is implemented in order to increase the proportion of special Σ3 grain boundaries. LME tests are performed and allow to establish the particular behaviour of the Σ3 grain boundaries in the copper embrittlement by liquid mercury. At the same time, modelling of special Σ3 and Σ5 grain boundaries based on density functional theory are performed. This allows to show the weakening of mechanical properties of both grain boundaries containing mercury atoms, and also to understand the immunity of Σ3 grain boundaries as observed experimentally. However, experimental observations can not been qualitatively explained by these modelling. In order to improve this description, a non-local contribution is introduced by means of a cohesive zone model. It is shown that the confinement of the liquid metal at the very crack tip produces a force normal to the surface of the solid (the origin of this force is discussed), and that the consideration of this force allows to describe more accurately experimental results. This model is supported by LME experiments under hydrostatic pressure.
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Julien Colombeau. Fragilisation du cuivre par le mercure liquide : étude expérimentale et numérique. Autre. Ecole Centrale Paris, 2014. Français. 〈NNT : 2014ECAP0026〉. 〈tel-01127115〉

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