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Fabrication de semiconducteurs poreux pour améliorer l'isolation thermique des MEMS

Abstract : Thermal insulation is essential in several types of MEMS (Micro electro mechanical systems). Depending on the device, insulation can reduce the device’s power consumption, decrease its response time, or increase its sensitivity. Existing thermal insulation materials are difficult to integrate as thick layers in silicon-based devices. Because of this, the most commonly used approach is to integrate the areas requiring insulation on thin membranes. This provides effective insulation, but restricts the design of the device and the membrane’s fragility makes the device’s fabrication and use more complicated. Poreux silicon is easy to integrate as it is made by electrochemical etching of crystalline silicon substrates. 100 µm thick layers can easily be fabricated and its thermal conductivity is 2-3 orders of magnitude lower than that of bulk silicon. However, its porosity causes other problems : low chemical resistance, its structure is unstable above 400°C, and reduced mechanical stability. The ease of integration of porous semiconductors remains a major advantage, so we aim to reduce the disadvantages of these materials in order to help their integration in microfabricated devices. The first approach we developed was to amorphise porous Si by irradiating it with heavy ions. We have shown that amorphisation of porous Si, even partial, causes a reduction of its thermal conductivity without damaging its porous structure. In this way a reduction in thermal conductivity by up to a factor of three can be achieved. The second approach was to develop a new material. Porous SiC was chosen, as bulk SiC has exceptional physical properties which are superior to those of silicon. We carried out a systematic study of the porosification process of SiC versus HF concentration and current, which enabled us to make thick (100 µm) and uniform layers. We have implemented a system for measuring thermal conductivity using the “3 omega” technique and used it to measure the thermal conductivity of porous SiC. Our results show that the thermal conductivity of porous SiC is about two orders of magnitude lower than that of bulk SiC. We have also shown that porous SiC is resistant to all chemical commonly used in microfabrication, and is stable up to at least 1000°C.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 6, 2015 - 11:35:48 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01127041, version 1

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Pascal Newby. Fabrication de semiconducteurs poreux pour améliorer l'isolation thermique des MEMS. Micro et nanotechnologies/Microélectronique. INSA de Lyon; Université de Sherbrooke (Québec, Canada), 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ISAL0154⟩. ⟨tel-01127041⟩

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