Synchronization of spin trasnsfer nano-oscillators

Abstract : Spin transfer nano-Oscillators (STNOs) are nanoscale devices capable of generating high frequency microwave signals through spin momentum transfer. Although they offer decisive advantages compared to existing technology (spectral agility, integrability, etc.), their emitted power and spectral purity are quite poor. In view of their applications, a promising strategy to improve the coherence and increase the emitted microwave power of these devices is to mutually synchronize several of them. A first step is to understand the synchronization of a single STNO to an external source. For this, we have studied a circular nanopillar of diameter 200~nm patterned from a Cu60|Py15|Cu10|Py4|Au25 stack, where thicknesses are in nm. In the saturated state (bias magnetic field > 0.8 T), we have identified the auto-Oscillating mode and its coupling to an external source by using a magnetic resonance force microscope (MRFM). Only the uniform microwave field applied perpendicularly to the bias field is efficient to synchronize the STNO because it shares the spatial symmetry of the auto-Oscillation mode, in contrast to the microwave current passing through the device. The same sample was then studied under low perpendicular magnetic field, with the two magnetic layers in the vortex state. In this case, it is possible to excite a highly coherent mode (F/∆F>15000) with a linewidth below 100 kHz. By analyzing the harmonic content of the spectrum, we have determined that the non-Linear amplitude-Phase coupling of the excited mode is almost vanishing, which explains the high spectral purity observed. Moreover, the oscillation frequency can still be widely tuned thanks to the Oersted field created by the dc current. We have also shown that the synchronization of this mode to a microwave field source is very robust, the generation linewidth decreasing by more than five orders of magnitude compared to the autonomous regime. From these findings we conclude that the magneto-Dipolar interaction is promising to achieve mutual coupling of vortex based STNOs, the dipolar field from a neighboring oscillator playing the role of the microwave source. We have thus experimentally measured a system composed of two STNOs laterally separated by 100 nm. By varying the different configurations of vortex polarities, we have observed the mutual synchronization of these two oscillators.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 6, 2015 - 10:43:32 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01126902, version 1



Abbass Hamadeh. Synchronization of spin trasnsfer nano-oscillators. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014PA112262⟩. ⟨tel-01126902⟩



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