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La restauration des cours d'eau en France et à l'étranger : de la définition du concept à l'évaluation de l'action. Eléments de recherche applicables

Abstract : “Restoration” is a key concept in river management. In France and worldwide, “river restoration” has been provided a strong legislative, operational and scientific anchor. This research aims to better understand “river restoration”: that is, how is “river restoration” defined, practiced and evaluated? Research materials stand on various documents (scientific articles, administrative documents of French Water Agencies, technical documents about “restoration” procedures and documents related to specific “restoration projects”). These documents are analysed with textual analysis methods (bibliometrics, content analysis, textual statistics, qualitative analysis).Results are organized into five chapters. Chapter I deals with the position of sciences in the field of “river restoration”. This chapter covers research dynamics, scientific definitions of “restoration” and scientists’ research themes related to “river restoration”. Chapter II draws a timeline of French definitions of “river restoration”. It analyses permanence and change in the definition of “river restoration” from the late 19th Century until today. In Chapter III, a framework which suggests the establishment of three French Water Agencies in order to analyse French “river restoration” public policy and practice is proposed. Chapter IV is dedicated to the analysis of “ecological river restoration” practices. This Chapter’s objective is to better understand French public action. French practices are also compared to German practices. Finally, the monitoring and evaluation of contemporary “ecological river restoration” projects in France and in Germany is described in Chapter V.Operational reflections and recommendations are provided through the results of this research in order to aid public action and evaluation strategies in the field of “river restoration”. Special attention was also paid to scientific perspectives in the context of the implementation of the Water Framework Directive.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 6, 2015 - 10:28:35 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 12:16:58 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01126880, version 1

Citation

Bertrand Morandi. La restauration des cours d'eau en France et à l'étranger : de la définition du concept à l'évaluation de l'action. Eléments de recherche applicables. Géographie. Ecole normale supérieure de lyon - ENS LYON, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENSL0932⟩. ⟨tel-01126880⟩

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