Méthode non-paramétrique des noyaux associés mixtes et applications

Abstract : We present in this thesis, the non-parametric approach using mixed associated kernels for densities withsupports being partially continuous and discrete. We first start by recalling the essential concepts of classical continuousand discrete kernel density estimators. We give the definition and characteristics of these estimators. We also recall thevarious technical for the choice of smoothing parameters and we revisit the problems of supports as well as a resolutionof the edge effects in the discrete case. Then, we describe a new method of continuous associated kernels for estimatingdensity with bounded support, which includes the classical continuous kernel method. We define the continuousassociated kernels and we propose the mode-dispersion for their construction. Moreover, we illustrate this on the nonclassicalassociated kernels of literature namely, beta and its extended version, gamma and its inverse, inverse Gaussianand its reciprocal, the Pareto kernel and the kernel lognormal. We subsequently examine the properties of the estimatorswhich are derived, specifically, the bias, variance and the pointwise and integrated mean squared errors. Then, wepropose an algorithm for reducing bias that we illustrate on these non-classical associated kernels. Some simulationsstudies are performed on three types of estimators lognormal kernels. Also, we study the asymptotic behavior of thecontinuous associated kernel estimators for density. We first show the pointwise weak and strong consistencies as wellas the asymptotic normality. Then, we present the results of the global weak and strong consistencies using uniform andL1norms. We illustrate this on three types of lognormal kernels estimators. Subsequently, we study the minimaxproperties of the continuous associated kernel estimators. We first describe the model and we give the technicalassumptions with which we work. Then we present our results that we apply on some non-classical associated kernelsmore precisely beta, gamma and lognormal kernel estimators. Finally, we combine continuous and discrete associatedkernels for defining the mixed associated kernels. Using the tools of the unification of discrete and continuous analysis,we show the different properties of the mixed associated kernel estimators. All through this work, we choose thesmoothing parameter using the least squares cross-validation method.
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Francial Giscard Baudin Libengue Dobele-Kpoka. Méthode non-paramétrique des noyaux associés mixtes et applications. Mathématiques générales [math.GM]. Université de Franche-Comté, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013BESA2007⟩. ⟨tel-01124288⟩



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