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Les données géographiques 3D pour simuler l’impact de la réglementation urbaine sur la morphologie du bâti

Mickaël Brasebin 1
1 COGIT - Cartographie et Géomatique
LaSTIG - Laboratoire des Sciences et Technologies de l'Information Géographique
Abstract : 3D geographic data are very frequent and represent territories in various ways. Such data are often used to better understand cities and their underlying phenomena by integrating different information (environmental, economic, etc.) to support urban planning. On a local scale, the French Local Urban Plan (PLU) describes constraints that regulate the urban development, notably through tri-dimensional constraints (for example by defining a maximal height or by limiting built area) that new buildings must respect. These constraints are compiled in a textual format. They are difficult to understand for non experts and their impact for a given territory is complex to assess. The aim of this thesis is to demonstrate how 3D geographic data enable the exploitation of local urban regulation constraints through two different uses: the verification of the respect of constraints and the generation of building configurations. Our method relies on a model of the urban environment, representing relevant objects according to regulations. This model supports the formulation of the constraints with the OCL language. The generation of building configurations is processed by an optimization method based on a trans-dimensional simulated annealing relying on a rule checker
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Mickaël Brasebin. Les données géographiques 3D pour simuler l’impact de la réglementation urbaine sur la morphologie du bâti. Géographie. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST1006⟩. ⟨tel-01124257⟩

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