Étude de variations spatio-temporelles de glissements asismiques le long de failles majeures par Interférométrie RADAR Différentielle satellitaire : Cas du séisme lent de 2009-2010 de Guerrero (Mexique) : Cas de la déformation postsismique suite au séisme de Parkfield (2004, Mw6, Californie)

Abstract : Characterizing the spacio-temporal evolution of transient deformations along active faults is, by now, one of the most promising ways to better understand the mechanisms that drive the seismic cycle. In this context, we focused our attention on two areas that exhibit different characteristic behaviour types: the Guerrero seismic gap, a location of 4 consecutive slow slip events since 1997 (subduction zone, 100 km long westward from Acapulco, Mexico, last ruptured in 1911, repeating time ~4 years) and the Parkfield segment (20-30 km long segment, San Andreas fault, California, 7 successive breaks -Mw6- since 1857, repeating time ~22 years). In the case of Mexico, we particularly focused our attention on the 2009-2010 slow slip event that occurred at the gap location. In the case of Parkfield, we described the post-seismic deformation related to the 28th September 2004 Mw6 event (last recorded break) from 2005 to 2010. We used space-based differential radar interferometry (DINSAR) in addition to GPS data, to assess surface displacements at centimeter scale that are in relation with those two phenomena. As an outcome of the work, in the Guerrero seismic gap case, our measurements indicate that the 2009-2010 slow slip event has affected the seismogenic part of the gap and extents outside the spatial limits of it. In the case of Parkfield, our measurements indicate that the Parkfield segment has a post-seismic behaviour that lasts until 2010 at least and spatially extends outside the edge the 2004 coseismic trace along the fault line. These elements allow us to discuss the implication of such transient deformations in the two particular cases of the Guerrero seismic gap and the Parkfield segment, both of first scientific interest.
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Guillaume Bacques. Étude de variations spatio-temporelles de glissements asismiques le long de failles majeures par Interférométrie RADAR Différentielle satellitaire : Cas du séisme lent de 2009-2010 de Guerrero (Mexique) : Cas de la déformation postsismique suite au séisme de Parkfield (2004, Mw6, Californie). Sciences de la Terre. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENU044⟩. ⟨tel-01124228⟩

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