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La crise de l'identité dans le théâtre de Denis Johnston

Abstract : Denis Johnston 's dramatic works question the notion of identity. They all focus on the history of Ireland and more especially on the way Irish rebels have been turned into national icons, although the materialistic culture developing in the young Irish Free State is at odds with the ideals of those Romantic figures. In his view, national identity has fossilized into clichés that jeer at the Irish Literary Revival. At the same time, his plays destabilize the notion of identity on an individual level, unsetting conventional stage characters. He stages the "crisis of the character" which, according to Robert Abirached, modern drama is concerned with. I argue that those two aspects of Johnston's work are the two sides of one and the same critique of the failure of conventional drama to convey identity on the stage. Studying the ideology that underpins Johnston's aesthetic experiments, I intend to show that the dramatist turns out to have paradoxically served the purpose of the founders of Irish national drama : he disfigures the clichés which supposedly embody Irishness, and thus allows the nation to imagine again its multifaceted identity.
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Virginie Girel-Pietka. La crise de l'identité dans le théâtre de Denis Johnston. Littératures. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LIL30029⟩. ⟨tel-01124207⟩



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