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Construir un problema: un primer paso hacia la investigación en ciencias. Análisis de una formación para docentes de primaria en el contexto colombiano y francés

Abstract : The teaching of experimental science has undergone significant changes in terms of prescribed educational guidelines. These changes reflect the evolution of an international framework, one of the characteristics of which is to highlight more open enquiry-based approaches. French and Colombian programs expect from teachers, on the one hand, that they design problems that could lead to the application of open experimental approaches, on the other hand, that they motivate students to participate more in the process of knowledge construction. Our thesis is positioned in this context. Its objective is to produce training schemes of non-scientific primary school teachers so they approach scientific activity as a construction and problem solving activity. This entails, for example, to make them aware that there are, for the same phenomenon, for the same situation, different problems by nature. Also, it means to make them aware that all the problems as identified from a given situation, do not necessarily lead to the construction of scientific knowledge through experience. The framework of "problematization", applied to the analysis of linguistic interactions of French and Colombian teachers engaged in the activity of constructing problems, allows on the one side to understand how teachers raise the uncertainty of a given open situation (in this case: bounce balls). On the other side, this framework makes it possible to identify some of the drivers of the dynamics of problem construction.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01113440
Contributor : Luz Helena Martinez Barrera <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 5, 2015 - 2:33:35 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 30, 2020 - 3:11:22 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01113440, version 1

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Luz Helena Martinez Barrera. Construir un problema: un primer paso hacia la investigación en ciencias. Análisis de una formación para docentes de primaria en el contexto colombiano y francés. Education. Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7, 2014. Español. ⟨tel-01113440⟩

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