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Usage des variables phonologiques dans un corpus d’interactions naturelles parents-enfant : impact du bain linguistique et dispositifs cognitifs d’apprentissage.

Abstract : This study deals with the usage of two French linguistic variables traditionally described like phonological variables, liaison and elision, during natural interactions between three children and their own parents. More particularly, the goal of this thesis is to describe the specificities of the child directed speech (CDS) concerning the usage of liaison and elision to test/mesure their impact on the emergency of these phonological variables in the speech of the children. After the presentation of the theoretical context of the study (Usage-Based Models and Construction Grammar) and the methodology used to collect, structure and analyse the data, the research is divided in three sections. The goal of the first corpus based study, a descriptive one, is twofold. The first objective is to describe the variation to which children are exposed at home. The second one is to compare the results of precedent studies on liaison acquisition, obtained mainly from experimental tasks, with data extracted from dense corpora collected during natural interactions between the children an their parents. In particular, this study has enabled to note that usage factors, like items frequency, influence the production of phonological variables. The second study focuses on the CDS specificities. The results show that the usage of phonological variables is modulated in CDS, essentially at an early stage of language acquisition. Then, this modulation attenuates during the child development. The goal of the last study is to connect parent’s productions and children’s productions. It appears that the results concerning the development of phonological variation are in step with the assumptions provided by the usage-based models: at an early stage, the variation is memorized into specific constructions, particularly salient and frequent in CDS. Then, these constructions will be abstracted and enter into competition during the course of the language development. The children productions show that these two phenomena are especially sensitive to usage factors, like type and token frequency.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01108764
Contributor : Loïc Liégeois Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, January 23, 2015 - 2:19:33 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 12:10:38 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, April 15, 2017 - 8:31:49 PM

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Loïc Liégeois. Usage des variables phonologiques dans un corpus d’interactions naturelles parents-enfant : impact du bain linguistique et dispositifs cognitifs d’apprentissage.. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. Clermont Ferrand 2, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01108764⟩

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