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Comprehensive study of the heat resistance of dried Bacillus subtilis spores

Abstract : In response to starvation, species from the genre Bacillus are able to form metabolicallydormant spores which are very resistant to multiple forms of stress. They are found in quitehigh concentrations in some dried foods which, upon rehydration, may lead to food deterioration or food-borne diseases. Moreover, their destruction is rather difficult and mostof the techniques commonly used to treat dry foods result in a very low spore inactivation.The aim of this work is to better understand the role spore hydration in the inactivation ofdried Bacillus subtilis spores. A fundamental study was conducted using DifferentialScanning Calorimetry pans as reactors to perform a heat treatment in dried spores andsimultaneously relate the thermograms to spore viability. Results show the persistence of arelatively high water concentration in the core of extremely dry spores. Besides, a strongrelation between this core water concentration and spore thermal sensitivity wasdemonstrated. This destruction was found to be highly related to proteindenaturation/aggregation and dipicolinic acid release through Fourier Transform InfraredSpectroscopy analysis. From this fundamental study, a procedure for the inactivation of driedspores using low pressures (2-7 bar) and high temperature was developed. The systemconsisted of a heated reactor in which gaseous nitrogen was compressed to prevent theevaporation of water from the spores and so favor spore inactivation (> 5 log10). This methodof inactivation could be an interesting new way to optimize the decontamination of driedfoods.
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Julia Hauck Tiburski. Comprehensive study of the heat resistance of dried Bacillus subtilis spores. Food and Nutrition. Université de Bourgogne, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013DIJOS071⟩. ⟨tel-01089870⟩

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