Modes d’exposition au xénon-133 dans un bâtiment réacteur

Abstract : The work described in this thesis focuses on the external and internal dose assessment to xenon-133. During the nuclear reactor operation, fission products and radioactive inert gases, as ¹³³Xe, are generated and might be responsible for the exposure of workers incase of clad defect.Particle Monte Carlo transport code is adapted inradioprotection to quantify dosimetric quantities.The study of exposure to xenon-133 is conducted byusing Monte-Carlo simulations based on GEANT4, ananthropomorphic phantom, a realistic geometry of thereactor building, and compartmental models.The external exposure inside a reactor building isconducted with a realistic and conservative exposurescenario. The effective dose rate and the eye lensequivalent dose rate are determined by Monte-Carlosimulations. Due to the particular emission spectrum ofxenon-133, the equivalent dose rate to the lens of eyesis discussed in the light of expected new eye doselimits.The internal exposure occurs while xenon-133 isinhaled. The lungs are firstly exposed by inhalation, andtheir equivalent dose rate is obtained by Monte-Carlosimulations. A biokinetic model is used to evaluate theinternal exposure to xenon-133.This thesis gives us a better understanding to thedosimetric quantities related to external and internalexposure to xenon-133. Moreover the impacts of thedosimetric changes are studied on the current andfuture dosimetric limits. The dosimetric quantities arelower than the current and future dosimetric limits.
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Aurélien Perier. Modes d’exposition au xénon-133 dans un bâtiment réacteur. Physique Nucléaire Théorique [nucl-th]. Ecole des Mines de Nantes, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014EMNA0184⟩. ⟨tel-01089862⟩

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