Le Corps en Égypte ancienne. Enquête lexicale et anthropologique

Abstract : Founded on the early funerary literature of Ancient Egypt (Pyramids Texts and Coffin Texts), this research intend to offer a new approach on the concept of person in the egyptian thinking through the notion of body. Indeed, among all the components of the person (ka, ba, ib, name, shadow…), the body is the only one which can be designated by different words, namely Haw, XA.t or D.t. therefore, it suggests that the body can have different states of being, each one having distinctive relationships with one or the other element. As the person is not considered as a sum of different permanent components in time and space, the study of the notion of body and of its various aspects allow us to grasp the concept of person as a whole, in human context as well as divine. Thus, from this viewpoint, the interest of the funerary literature is to present the person of the deceased, with his characteristics of both kinds. This study is led in two ways, with first a lexicological analysis of the words Haw, XA.t and D.t. Then a second part presents the anthropological analysis, aiming at detail the system of representation of the person in the Egyptian way of thinking by defining the differences between human and divine person, and through the transformations endured by the deceased.
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [25 references]  Display  Hide  Download

Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 1, 2014 - 1:04:16 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 6, 2019 - 2:34:00 PM
Long-term archiving on : Monday, March 2, 2015 - 1:27:36 PM


Version validated by the jury (STAR)


  • HAL Id : tel-01089023, version 1



Anaïs Martin. Le Corps en Égypte ancienne. Enquête lexicale et anthropologique. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013MON30086⟩. ⟨tel-01089023⟩



Record views


Files downloads