A study on the Lévy trees and the inhomogeneous continuum random trees

Abstract : We consider two models of random continuous trees: Lévy trees and inhomogeneous continuum random trees. Lévy trees are scaling limits of Galton-Watson trees. They describe the genealogical structures of continuous-state branching processes. The class of Lévy trees is introduced by Le Gall and Le Jan (1998) as an extension of Aldous’ notion of Brownian Continuum Random Tree (1991). For a Lévy tree, we give a description of its law conditioned to have a fixed diameter that is expressed in terms of a Poisson point measure. In the special case of a stable branching mechanism, we characterize the joint law of the diameter and the height of a Lévy tree conditioned on its total mass. From this, we deduce explicit distributions for the diameter in the Brownian case, as well as tail estimates in the general case.Inhomogeneous continuum random trees are introduced by Aldous and Pitman (2000), Camarri and Pitman (2000). They are also generalizations of Aldous’ Brownian Continuum Random Tree (and of Lévy trees). For an inhomogeneous continuum random tree, we consider a fragmentation which generalizes the one introduced by Aldous and Pitman on the Brownian tree. We construct a genealogical tree for this fragmentation. With weak limit arguments, we show that there is a duality in distribution between the initial tree and the genealogical tree. For the Brownian tree, we also present a way to reconstruct the initial tree from the genealogical tree.
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Minmin Wang. A study on the Lévy trees and the inhomogeneous continuum random trees. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066467⟩. ⟨tel-01087262⟩

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