Analyse des effets spatiaux et aspects économiques dans les réseaux de communications

Abstract : In this thesis we analyze the performance of communication networks using game theoretic approaches. The thesis is in two parts. The first part studies the performance of Ad hoc, cellular and transportation networks taking into consideration spatial effects. The second part studies economic issues in the communication networks related to the `net neutrality' regulations. Here we study price competition and revenue sharing mechanisms between the network service providers.In the first part, we use Medium Access Control (MAC) game and Jamming game models to study the performance of a Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET), and routing games to study the performance of a transportation network. In the cellular networks, we study the effect of reducing the spatial density of base stations on the amount of radiation to human body (green networking). Geometric aspects play an important role in the performance of wireless networks. For example, node locations affect the amount of interference. In MANETs, the mobility results in users experiencing different amount of interference from their neighbors, and also due to decentralized nature of the network the users can be selfish in sharing the resources. To model the geometrical properties of the network and selfish behavior of the users we used stochastic geometry and game theory. Our work developed a pricing mechanism and showed that with an `appropriate' price all the users can be made to get a fair share of the resources resulting in global optimal network performance. We also considered an adversarial setting where some of the nodes aim to degrade the performance of the network by jamming other nodes’ transmissions.In the second part of the thesis, we study economics aspects in communication networks. Representatives of several Internet access providers (ISPs) have expressed their wish to see a substantial change in the Internet pricing policies. In particular, they would like to see content providers (CPs) pay for use of the network, given the large amount of resources they use. This would be in clear violation of the ``net neutrality'' principle that had characterized the development of the wireline Internet. The thesis explored possibility of a regulator facilitating monetary interactions between the ISPs and CPs in a nonneutral regime. Using tools from game theory and mechanism design we developed two bargaining mechanisms to decide payments between the ISPs and CPs. We showed that if the players bargain before they set the access prices for end users, it results in a favorable equilibrium where every player benefits. We also considered the case where some of CPs make exclusive contracts with the ISPs to get preferential treatment and studied its impact on both the service providers and the end users.As the Internet commerce grows, regulation of the monetary interaction between various service providers is unavoidable. Our work provides important policy guidelines on how the Internet should be regulated such that the end users' interests are protected
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Manjesh Kumar Hanawal. Analyse des effets spatiaux et aspects économiques dans les réseaux de communications. Informatique et théorie des jeux [cs.GT]. Université d'Avignon, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013AVIG0199⟩. ⟨tel-00937510v2⟩

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