Facteurs de résistance à la chimiothérapie à base de sels de platine dans les cancers bronchiques non à petites cellules : Rôle de la voie Sonic Hedgehog dans la chimiorésistance

Abstract : Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is known to be chemoresistant. Few robust markers of chemoresistance have been validated so far in this type of cancer. We have described in this work new innovative markers of resistance to cisplatin-based chemotherapy in NSCLC. After the study of usual clinical and molecular caracteristics of patients who were refractory to chemotherapy, we have then explored the role of the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) pathway in NSCLC and its impact in term of chemoresistance. We have shown that Shh pathway, closely linked with cancer stem cells, was correlated with the refractory property to chemotherapy. Positive Gli2 immunohistochemistry score was associated with tumor progression et progression-free survival. We have also demonstrated a correlation between Shh activation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition, known to be linked with tumor aggressiveness, metastatic ability and chemoresistance. We have then validated the great role of Shh pathway in tumor proliferation and chemoresistance in another thoracic cancer, known to be chemoresistant, the malignant pleural mesothelioma. At last, the impact of ceancer stem cells on tumor aggressiveness and prognosis has been demonstrated through the study of the expression of hPAF1C (human polymerase II-associated factor 1 complex), described as overactivated in cancer stem cells and linked to Shh pathway activation. We have shown that hPAF1C expression was associated with poor prognosis and with tumor proliferation through an interaction with c-Myc. These results underline the major role of Shh pathway and cancer stem cells in SNCLC in term of chemoresistance and tumor aggressiveness.
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Etienne Giroux Leprieur. Facteurs de résistance à la chimiothérapie à base de sels de platine dans les cancers bronchiques non à petites cellules : Rôle de la voie Sonic Hedgehog dans la chimiorésistance. Cancer. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066223⟩. ⟨tel-01084951⟩

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