Etude des mécanismes de dispersion par choc et des régimes de combustion de nuages de particules d'aluminium.

Abstract : Explosive dispersal of solid particles and detonability of two-phase oxygen-aluminum particles mixtures have been investigated experimentally and numerically in order to get a better understanding of the mechanisms governing the explosion of reactive heterogeneous mixtures.Solid particles were dispersed by the free-field explosion of spherical charges made of a central booster of solid explosive surrounded by a loose-packed density shell of inert particles. Pressure gauges, a particles trap and a high frame rate camera were used to gather experimental data. Compaction and decompaction of the layer are followed by the formation of particle agglomerates, whereas some other particles are burst by the shock. The leading shock is delayed and the blast effect is strongly damped. Particles are spread into the cloud accordingly to their size. 1D numerical simulations agree in general with the experimental results.The detonability of two-phase oxygen-aluminum particles mixtures was studied by initiating an unconfined diverging detonation, during which the temporal pressure evolution and the cellular structure were recorded. The detonation wave formed at 1,6m. With an ignition charge of 200-250g C4, the maximal values of pressure and velocity recorded at a radial distance of 2,3m (corresponding to the border of the cloud) are consistent with the CJ values. The cellular structure was observed for the first time in this kind of mixture with a cell size of 10-15cm. The cell size calculated with a 2D cylindrical simulation (performed with the EFAE code) is slightly larger.
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Camille-Andréa Sturtzer. Etude des mécanismes de dispersion par choc et des régimes de combustion de nuages de particules d'aluminium.. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ESMA0012⟩. ⟨tel-01084424⟩

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