Efficient Querying and Analytics of Semantic Web Data

Alexandra Roatis 1, 2
2 OAK - Database optimizations and architectures for complex large data
LRI - Laboratoire de Recherche en Informatique, UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11, Inria Saclay - Ile de France, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8623
Abstract : The utility and relevance of data lie in the information that can be extracted from it.The high rate of data publication and its increased complexity, for instance the heterogeneous, self-describing Semantic Web data, motivate the interest in efficient techniques for data manipulation.In this thesis we leverage mature relational data management technology for querying Semantic Web data.The first part focuses on query answering over data subject to RDFS constraints, stored in relational data management systems. The implicit information resulting from RDF reasoning is required to correctly answer such queries. We introduce the database fragment of RDF, going beyond the expressive power of previously studied fragments. We devise novel techniques for answering Basic Graph Pattern queries within this fragment, exploring the two established approaches for handling RDF semantics, namely graph saturation and query reformulation. In particular, we consider graph updates within each approach and propose a method for incrementally maintaining the saturation. We experimentally study the performance trade-offs of our techniques, which can be deployed on top of any relational data management engine.The second part of this thesis considers the new requirements for data analytics tools and methods emerging from the development of the Semantic Web. We fully redesign, from the bottom up, core data analytics concepts and tools in the context of RDF data. We propose the first complete formal framework for warehouse-style RDF analytics. Notably, we define analytical schemas tailored to heterogeneous, semantic-rich RDF graphs, analytical queries which (beyond relational cubes) allow flexible querying of the data and the schema as well as powerful aggregation and OLAP-style operations. Experiments on a fully-implemented platform demonstrate the practical interest of our approach.
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Alexandra Roatis. Efficient Querying and Analytics of Semantic Web Data. Databases [cs.DB]. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014PA112218⟩. ⟨tel-01082065⟩

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