Study of the single electron charge signals in the XENON100 direct Dark Matter search experiment

Abstract : From the observation of the Universe, it has been demonstrated that the mass associated to visible matter represents only few percent of its energetic budget, while the remaining part is composed by dark energy, responsible to the cosmological expansion, and by some hidden matter, the dark matter. The likeliest particles family used to describe this dark matter is called WIMP (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles). That kind of particles could be directly detected by measuring nuclear recoil during an elastic scattering inside a scintillating material. For this, the XENON Collaboration has developed a detector consisting in a time projection chamber (TPC) using xenon dual phase (liquid and gas) detector, and placed underground. The different ionization density of nuclear recoils induced by WIMPs, and electronic recoils induced by b particles or g rays background source, leads to different ratio between both signals, in the liquid and in the gas phase, and is used to discriminate WIMPs from background. A good knowledge of the ionization signal is strongly required for such a detector. In this context, the XENON100 response to single electron charge signals is investigated. They correspond to very tiny signals emitted in the gas phase by one or few electrons extracted in time coincidence. Thanks to this analysis, an innovative method to establish the extraction yield of electrons from the liquid to the gas phase has been drawn, allowing to explore a key information to reject electronic recoils from nuclear ones.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01081007
Contributor : Maxime Le Calloch <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 6, 2014 - 4:23:32 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 22, 2018 - 9:33:32 AM
Long-term archiving on : Saturday, February 7, 2015 - 11:15:59 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01081007, version 1

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M. Le Calloch. Study of the single electron charge signals in the XENON100 direct Dark Matter search experiment. Physics [physics]. Université de Nantes, 2014. English. ⟨tel-01081007⟩

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