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Dynamique ultrarapide de molécules et d’agrégats excités électroniquement

Abstract : This PhD thesis investigated the ultrafast dynamics of photochromic molecules and argon clusters in the gas phase at the femtosecond timescale. Pump-probe experiments are performed in a set-up which associates a versatile pulsed molecular beam coupled to a photoelectron/photoion velocity map imager (VMI) and a time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOF-MS). Theses pump-probe experiments provides the temporal evolution of the electronic distribution for each system of interest. Besides, a modelization has been performed in order to characterize the density and the velocity distribution in the pulsed beam. Regarding the photochromic dithienylethene molecules, parallel electronic relaxation pathways were observed. This contrasts with the observation of sequential relaxation processes in most molecules studied so far. In the present case, the initial wavepacket splits in two parts. One part is driven to the ground state at the femtosecond time scale through a conical intersection, and the second part remains for ps in the excited state and experiences oscillations in a suspended well. This study has shed light into the intrinsic dynamics of the molecules under study and a general relaxation mechanism has been proposed, which applies to the whole family of dithienylethene molecules whatever the state of matter (gas phase or solution) in which they have been investigated. Concerning argon clusters excited at about 14 eV, two behaviors of different time scale have been observed at different time scales. The first one occurs in the first picoseconds of the dynamics. It corresponds to the electronic relaxation of an excitonic state at a rate of 1⁻¹. The second phenomenon corresponds to the localization of the exciton on the excimer Ar₂*. This phenomenon is observed 4-5 ps after the excitation. In this study, we also observed the ejection of excited argon atoms, addressing the lifetime of the delocalized excitonic state. This work provide additional informations compared to those contributed in condensed phase and it pave the way for new studies in gas phase on more complex system such as nanoparicles.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 3, 2014 - 3:37:12 PM
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Aude Lietard. Dynamique ultrarapide de molécules et d’agrégats excités électroniquement. Chimie théorique et/ou physique. Université Paris Sud - Paris XI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA112212⟩. ⟨tel-01079732⟩



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