Modification chimique de surface de NanoFibrilles de Cellulose (NFC)

Abstract : Nanocelluloses know a strong interest since last decades and they are the subject of many studies led by industrials and / or academic consortia. This study is a part of a European project (SUNPAP) for the industrialization of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC). This thesis is the state of new methods for the chemical surface modification of NFC with a view of green chemistry. Several strategies have been developed such as the use of ionic liquids as reaction solvent (described as green solvents) or the use of an aqueous medium in order to graft the surface of NFCs. Thus, the treated substrates were then used in various applications. Also, bionanocomposites were produced, the impact of the introduction of NFC (modified or not) in paper sheets has also been studied. A study on the antibacterial properties and biodegradability of modified NFC is also proposed. Several characterizations of neat and modified NFC were performed. Powerful and innovative techniques have been used to characterize these substrates such as XPS (X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) or SIMS (Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry). All these chemical modifications, applications and characterizations are offered promising prospects in the world of nanocelluloses.
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Karim Missoum. Modification chimique de surface de NanoFibrilles de Cellulose (NFC). Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012GRENI105⟩. ⟨tel-01072240⟩

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