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Étude des tachykinines et de leurs dérivés peptidiques associés à la douleur neuropathique grâce à l'utilisation de modèles animaux et de la chromatographie en phase liquide couplée à la spectrométrie de masse

Abstract : The management of neuropathic pain remains a challenge in medicine, despite the availability of numerous drugs. Animal experimentation has generated a tremendous amount of information about pain, but this knowledge is still insufficient for new more efficient and safe analgesics. Pain is a complex clinical symptom with multiple origins, and peripheral and central pain mechanisms depend on the pathology evolution. Thus, it is essential to further investigate the mechanisms responsible for the initiation and maintenance of pain in order to develop better effective therapies. This project is particularly focused on the tachykinin family encoded by TAC1 gene (substance P, its precursors and metabolites, neurokinin A), a family of neuropeptides that plays a critical role in nociceptive transmission. We initially developed a quantification strategy in order to study the targeted bioactive neuropeptide expression modulation by HPLC-MS and HPLC-MS/MS. And it is critical to develop reliable and robust analytical methods to reach the objectives. So, we developed a method using relative quantification with stable isotopic labeled internal standards. In fact, in order to quantify target neuropeptides, this strategy was the most reproducible and accurate. Following the development of the relative quantification strategy, we used validated animal models, fundamental to better knowledges of painful molecular mechanisms
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01070204
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 30, 2014 - 5:27:09 PM
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Floriane Pailleux. Étude des tachykinines et de leurs dérivés peptidiques associés à la douleur neuropathique grâce à l'utilisation de modèles animaux et de la chromatographie en phase liquide couplée à la spectrométrie de masse. Chimie analytique. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LYO10293⟩. ⟨tel-01070204⟩

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