D. Historique-et-généralités-autour-de-l´interférométrie-et-de-son, 12 2.1.1 Surveillance de déplacement de terrain en milieu urbain, p.13

R. M. Goldstein and H. A. Zebker, Satellite radar interferometry: Two dimensional phase unwrapping. Radio Science, p.8, 1988.

R. F. Hanssen, Radar interferometry: data interpretation and error analysis, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/0-306-47633-9

A. Hooper, A multi-temporal InSAR method incorporating both persistent scatterer and small baseline approaches, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.30, issue.5, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2008GL034654

A. Hooper and H. Zebker, A new method for measuring deformation on volcanoes and other non-urban areas using InSAR persistent scatterers, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.31, pp.10-1029, 2004.

A. Hooper and H. A. Zebker, Phase unwrapping in three dimensions with application to InSAR time series, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol.24, issue.9, pp.2737-2747, 2007.
DOI : 10.1364/JOSAA.24.002737

J. M. Huntley, Three-dimensional noise-immune phase unwrapping algorithm, Applied Optics, vol.40, issue.23, pp.3901-3908, 2001.
DOI : 10.1364/AO.40.003901

J. Lee and A. R. Miller, Statistics of phase difference and product magnitude of multi-look processed Gaussian signals, Waves in Random Media, vol.1, issue.3, pp.307-319, 1994.
DOI : 10.1109/36.175328

J. M. Leighton, GPS and PSI Integration for Monitoring Urban Land Motion, 2010.

F. Li and D. N. Held, Doppler Parameter Estimation for Spaceborne Synthetic-Aperture Radars, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.23, issue.1, pp.47-55, 1985.
DOI : 10.1109/TGRS.1985.289499

M. S. Liao and J. L. , Urban change detection using coherence and intensity characteristics of multi-temporal ERS-1/2 imagery. ISPRS Commission VII Mid-term Symposium "Remote Sensing: From Pixels to Processes, pp.8-11, 2005.

Z. Lu and C. Wicks, Surface deformation associated with the March 1996 earthquake swarm at Akutan Island, Alaska, revealed by C-band ERS and L-band JERS radar interferometry, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.102, issue.3, 2003.
DOI : 10.5589/m04-054

D. Massonnet and K. L. , Radar interferometry and its application to changes in the Earth's surface, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.4, issue.43, pp.441-500, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/97RG03139

D. Massonnet and M. Rossi, The displacement field of the Landers earthquake mapped by radar interferometry, Nature, vol.364, issue.6433, pp.138-142, 1993.
DOI : 10.1038/364138a0

B. Rabus and M. Eineder, The shuttle radar topography mission???a new class of digital elevation models acquired by spaceborne radar, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, vol.57, issue.4, pp.241-262, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0924-2716(02)00124-7

B. T. Rabus and P. S. Ghuman, A simple robust two-cale phase component inversion scheme for persistent scatter interferometry (dual-scale PSI), Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.35, issue.4, p.12, 2009.

S. Em-imagens, Identificação de alvos pontuais estáveis (Point Targets), p.57

R. Bibliográficas-beauducel, B. Briole, P. Froger, and J. L. , Volcano-wide fringes in ERS synthetic aperture radar interferograms of Etna (1992-1998): Deformation or tropospheric effect?, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.275, issue.B7, pp.16391-16402, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JB900095

P. Berardino, G. Fornaro, R. Lanari, and E. Sansosti, A new algorithm for surface deformation monitoring based on small baseline differential SAR interferograms, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.40, issue.11, pp.2375-2383, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/TGRS.2002.803792

M. Bevis, S. Businger, T. A. Herring, R. Rocken, R. A. Anthes et al., GPS meteorology: Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor using the global positioning system, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.91, issue.6, pp.15787-15801, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/92JD01517

M. Bevis, D. Alsdorf, E. Kendrik, L. P. Fortes, and B. Forsberg, Seasonal fluctuations in the mass of the Amazon River system and Earth's elastic response, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.28, issue.B4, pp.52-163, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2005GL023491

Y. Bock and S. Williams, Integrated satellite interferometry in Southern California, Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, vol.77, issue.29, pp.299-300, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/97EO00192

M. Born, E. Wolf, and A. B. Bhatia, Principle of optics; electromagnetic theory of propagation, interference and di raction of light, 1959.

F. Chaabane, A. Avallone, F. Tupin, P. Briole, and H. Maître, A Multitemporal Method for Correction of Tropospheric Effects in Differential SAR Interferometry: Application to the Gulf of Corinth Earthquake, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.45, issue.6, pp.1605-1615, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/TGRS.2007.894026

J. C. Curlander and R. N. Mcdonough, Synthetic Aperture Radar: systems and signal processing, 1991.

A. Davis, A. Marshak, W. Wiscombe, and R. Cahalan, Scale Invariance of Liquid Water Distributions in Marine Stratocumulus. Part I: Spectral Properties and Stationarity Issues, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.53, issue.11, pp.1538-1558, 1996.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<1538:SIOLWD>2.0.CO;2

C. Delacourt, P. Briole, and J. Achache, Tropospheric corrections of SAR interferograms with strong topography. Application to Etna, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.102, issue.15, pp.2849-2852, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/98GL02112

J. Duro, J. Inglada, J. Closa, N. Adam, and A. Arnaud, High resolution diferential interferometry using time series of ERS and ENVISAT SAR data, ENVISAT Symposium, p.72, 2004.

T. R. Emardson, M. Simons, and F. Webb, Neutral atmospheric delay in interferometric synthetic aperture radar applications: Statistical description and mitigation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.102, issue.B5, pp.2231-2238, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JB001781

A. Ferretti, C. Prati, and F. Rocca, Multibaseline InSAR DEM reconstruction: the wavelet approach, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.37, issue.2, pp.705-715, 1999.
DOI : 10.1109/36.752187

A. Ferretti, C. Prati, and F. Rocca, Nonlinear subsidence rate estimation using permanent scatterers in differential SAR interferometry, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.38, issue.5, pp.2202-2212, 2000.
DOI : 10.1109/36.868878

J. Foster, B. Brooks, T. Cherubini, C. Shacat, S. Businger et al., Mitigating atmospheric noise for InSAR using a high resolution weather model, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.86, issue.52, p.16304, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2006GL026781

F. National and R. , ANR) projectExtraction and Fusion of Information for measuring ground displacements with Radar Imagery (EFIDIR) project. online http

B. Fruneau and F. Sarti, Detection of ground subsidence in the city of Paris using radar interferometry: Isolation of deformation from atmospheric artifacts using correlation, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.102, issue.24, pp.3981-3984, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/2000GL008489

B. Gao and Y. J. Kaufman, Water vapor retrievals using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) near-infrared channels, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.107, issue.D17, pp.4389-4398, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JD003023

D. C. Ghiglia and M. D. Pritt, Two-dimensional phase unwrapping: theory, algorithms, and software, 1998.

R. M. Goldstein, H. A. Zebker, and C. L. Werner, Satellite radar interferometry: Two-dimensional phase unwrapping, Radio Science, vol.178, issue.4, pp.713-720, 1988.
DOI : 10.1029/RS023i004p00713

R. M. Goldstein, Atmospheric limitations to repeat-track radar interferometry, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.94, issue.no. B&, pp.2517-2520, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/95GL02475

R. M. Goldstein and C. L. Werner, Radar interferogram filtering for geophysical applications, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.32, issue.21, pp.4035-4038, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/1998GL900033

J. B. Guerra, I. C. Cecarelli, and B. Lomonaco, Análise da viabilidade do uso das técnicas DInSAR e PSInSAR com dados TerraSAR X para monitorar movimentos da superfície na região da UHE Salto Pilão-SC, p.30

J. M. Huntley, Three-dimensional noise-immune phase unwrapping algorithm, Applied Optics, vol.40, issue.23, pp.3901-3908, 2001.
DOI : 10.1364/AO.40.003901

R. Hanssen and A. Feijt, A first quantitative evaluation of atmospheric effects on SAR interferometry. Fringe 96' Workshop on ERS SAR Interferometry, pp.277-282, 1996.

R. Hanssen, Atmospheric heterogeneities in ERS tandem SAR interferometry, 1998.

R. F. Hanssen, T. M. Wechwerth, H. A. Zebker, and R. Klees, High-Resolution Water Vapor Mapping from Interferometric Radar Measurements, Science, vol.283, issue.5406, pp.1297-1299, 1999.
DOI : 10.1126/science.283.5406.1297

R. Hanssen and R. Bamler, Evaluation of interpolation kernels for SAR interferometry, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.37, issue.1, pp.318-321, 1999.
DOI : 10.1109/36.739168

R. F. Hanssen, Radar interferometry: data interpretation and error analysis, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/0-306-47633-9

A. Hooper, H. Zebker, P. Segall, and B. Kampes, A new method for measuring deformation on volcanoes and other natural terrains using InSAR persistent scatterers, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.30, issue.B1, pp.31-23611, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JB001831

A. Hooper and H. A. Zebker, Phase unwrapping in three dimensions with application to InSAR time series, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol.24, issue.9, pp.2737-2747, 2007.
DOI : 10.1364/JOSAA.24.002737

H. S. Hopfield, Tropospheric Effect on Electromagnetically Measured Range: Prediction from Surface Weather Data, Radio Science, vol.75, issue.36, pp.357-367, 1971.
DOI : 10.1029/RS006i003p00357

V. Janssen, L. L. Ge, and C. Rizos, Tropospheric corrections to SAR interferometry from GPS observations, GPS Solutions, vol.102, issue.3, pp.140-151, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/s10291-004-0099-1

S. Jónsson, Modeling Volcano and Earthquake Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometric Observations, 2002.

B. Kampes, Radar interferometry: persistent scatterer technique, 2006.

J. S. Lee, K. W. Hoppel, S. A. Mango, and A. R. Miller, Intensity and phase statistics of multilook polarimetric and interferometric SAR imagery, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.30, 1017.

J. M. Leighton, GPS and PSI Integration for Monitoring Urban Land Motion. Thesis of degree of Doctor of Philosophy, 2010.

Z. H. Li, J. Muller, P. Cross, and E. J. Fielding, Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) atmospheric correction: GPS, Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), and InSAR integration, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.102, issue.B3, p.3410, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2004JB003446

URL : http://eprints.esc.cam.ac.uk/1726/1/Li_JGR110%282005%29.pdf

Z. W. Li, X. L. Ding, and G. Liu, Modeling atmospheric effects on InSAR with meteorological and continuous GPS observations: algorithms and some test results, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, vol.66, issue.11, pp.907-917, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jastp.2004.02.006

Z. H. Li, E. J. Fielding, P. Cross, and J. Muller, Interferometric synthetic aperture radaratmospheric correction: GPS topography-dependent turbulence model, J. Geophys. Res, vol.111, pp.10-1029, 2006.

Z. H. Li, J. P. Muller, P. Cross, P. Albert, J. Fischer et al., Assessment of the potential of MERIS near???infrared water vapour products to correct ASAR interferometric measurements, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.2002, issue.2
DOI : 10.1029/96JB03804

Z. W. Li, X. L. Ding, C. Huang, and . Zou, Atmospheric effects on repeat-pass InSAR measurements over Shanghai region, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, vol.69, issue.12, pp.1344-1356, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jastp.2007.04.007

Z. Li and J. Bethel, Image coregistration in SAR interferometry, pp.8-9, 2008.

Y. Liu, Remote Sensing of Water Vapor Content Using GPS Data in Hong Kong Region, 1999.

R. B. Lohman and M. Simons, Some thoughts on the use of InSAR data to constrain models of surface deformation: Noise structure and data downsampling, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol.102, issue.18, p.1007, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2004GC000841

Z. Lu, C. Wicks, O. K. Jr, J. A. Power, and D. Dzurisin, Surface deformation associated with the March 1996 earthquake swarm at Akutan Island, Alaska, revealed by C-band ERS and L-band JERS radar interferometry, Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.102, issue.3, pp.10-1029, 1996.
DOI : 10.5589/m04-054

D. Massonnet and K. Feigl, Discrimination of geophysical phenomena in satellite radar interferograms, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.99, issue.12, pp.1537-1540, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/95GL00711

D. Massonnet and K. L. Feigl, Radar interferometry and its application to changes in the Earth's surface, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.4, issue.43, pp.441-500, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/97RG03139

D. Massonet and J. C. Souyris, Imaging with synthetic aperture radar, p.280, 2008.
DOI : 10.1201/9781439808139

O. Mora, J. Mallorqui, and A. Broquetas, Linear and nonlinear terrain deformation maps from a reduced set of interferometric sar images, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.41, issue.10, pp.2243-2253, 2003.
DOI : 10.1109/TGRS.2003.814657

F. Onn, Modeling water vapor using GPS with application to mitigating InSAR atmospheric distortions, p.176, 2006.

F. Onn and H. A. Zebker, Correction for interferometric synthetic aperture radar atmospheric phase artifacts using time series of zenith wet delay observations from a GOS network, J. Geophys. Res, pp.10-1029, 2006.

. Petrobras, Aplicação de Tecnologia INSAR Orbital na Bacia Hidrográfica do Rio Solimões, Amazônia: Relatório de Análise Temporal InSAR Orbital, p.38, 2008.

B. Puysségur, R. Michel, and J. Avouac, Tropospheric phase delay in interferometric synthetic aperture radar estimated from meteorological model and multispectral imagery, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.20, issue.6, p.5419, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JB004352

B. Rabus, M. Eineder, A. Roth, and R. Bamler, The shuttle radar topography mission???a new class of digital elevation models acquired by spaceborne radar, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, vol.57, issue.4, pp.241-262, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0924-2716(02)00124-7

B. T. Rabus and P. S. Ghuman, A simple robust two-scale phase component inversion scheme for persistent scatterer interferometry (dual-scale PSI), Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.21, issue.4, pp.399-410, 2009.
DOI : 10.5589/m09-028

F. L. Ramos, Utilização de sensoriamento remoto por radar (interferometria RADARSAT-1 e mosaico SRTM) para mapeamento de atividades neotectônicas na região de Manaus (AM), 2009.

F. L. Ramos, L. Landau, F. P. Miranda, and C. L. Silva, Use of Information derived from radar remote sensing (Radarsat-1 Interferometry and SRTM mosaic) for mapping neotectonic activities in the region of Manaus city (Amazonas state), 2009.

F. L. Ramos, F. P. Miranda, L. Landau, and C. L. Silva, Detecção de movimentação crustal recente em Manaus (AM) utilizando informações de sensoriamento remoto por radar (interferometria RADARSAT-1 e modelo digital de elevação da SRTM) Anais XV Simpósio Brasileiro de Sensoriamento Remoto -SBSR, p.8162

F. L. Ramos, D. Rosu, E. Trouvé, F. Vernier, J. Nicolas et al., Automatic Coregistration and Simulated Fringe removal by a direct estimation from high resolution DEM and Orbital data

F. L. Ramos and G. Nico, Atmospheric Effects Detection by Short Baseline Processing in RADARSAT Time Series over Manaus city, Amazon Region, 2011.

F. L. Ramos, F. P. Miranda, A. G. Evsukoff, S. Galychet, and E. Trouvé, Fusion d'informations issues de télédétection radar (Interférogrammes RadarSat-1 et MNT SRTM) pour l'observation de déplacement dans la région de Manaus, 2012.

P. A. Rosen, S. Hensley, H. A. Zebker, F. H. Webb, and E. J. Fielding, Surface deformation and coherence measurements of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, from SIR-C radar interferometry, Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol.24, issue.E10, pp.23109-23125, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96JE01459

J. Saastamoinen, Atmospheric correction for troposphere and stratosphere in radio ranging of satellites. The use of artificial satellites for Geodesy, Gephys. Monogr. Ser, pp.247-251, 1972.

D. T. Sandwell and E. J. Price, Phase gradient approach to stacking interferograms, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.102, issue.B4, pp.30183-30204, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/1998JB900008

L. F. Sapucci, Estimativas do IWV utilizando receptores GPS em bases terrestres no Brasil: sinergia entre a geodésia e a meteorologia. Ciências Cartográficas, p.200, 2005.

F. Sarti, H. Vadon, and D. Massonnet, A method for the automatic characterization of atmospheric artifacts in SAR interferograms by correlation of multiple interferograms over the same site, Proceedings of IGARRS'99, 1999.

R. Scheiber and A. Moreira, Coregistration of interferometric SAR images using spectral diversity, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.38, issue.5, pp.2179-2191, 2000.
DOI : 10.1109/36.868876

M. Skolnik, Radar handbook, 1990.

. P. Stoica and A. Nehorai, MUSIC, maximum likelihood, and Cramer-Rao bound, IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, vol.37, issue.5, pp.720-741, 1989.
DOI : 10.1109/29.17564

B. D. Tapley, S. Bettadpur, J. C. Ries, P. F. Thompson, and M. M. Watkins, GRACE Measurements of Mass Variability in the Earth System, Science, vol.305, issue.5683, pp.503-505, 2004.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1099192

H. Tarayre and D. Massonnet, Atmospheric Propagation heterogeneities revealed by ERS-1 interferometry, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.32, issue.9, pp.989-992, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96GL00622

D. Towne, Wave phenomena, 1988.

E. Trouvé, M. Caramma, and H. Maî?tre, Fringe detection in noisy complex interferograms, Applied Optics, vol.35, issue.20, pp.3799-3806, 1996.
DOI : 10.1364/AO.35.003799

H. A. Zebker and R. M. Goldstein, Topographic mapping from interferometric synthetic aperture radar observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.178, issue.B5, pp.4993-4999, 1986.
DOI : 10.1029/JB091iB05p04993

H. A. Zebker, P. A. Rosen, R. M. Goldstein, A. Gabriel, and C. L. Werner, On the derivation of coseismic displacement fields using dierential radar interferometry: the Landers earthquake, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.99, 1994.

H. A. Zebker, P. A. Rosen, and S. Hensley, Atmospheric effects in interferometric synthetic aperture radar surface deformation and topographic maps, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.24, issue.6, pp.7547-7563, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/96JB03804

H. Zebker and Y. Lu, Phase unwrapping algorithms for radar interferometry: residue-cut, least-squares, and synthesis algorithms, Journal of the Optical Society of America A, vol.15, issue.3, pp.586-598, 1998.
DOI : 10.1364/JOSAA.15.000586

G. Wadge, P. W. Webley, I. N. James, R. Bingley, A. Dodson et al., Atmospheric models, GPS and InSAR measurements of the tropospheric water vapor fields over Mount Etna, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.29, pp.1905-1908, 2002.

M. Warren, The development of a 3-pass persistent scatterer algorithm using the integer ambiguity search method, 2007.

P. W. Webley, R. M. Bingley, A. H. Dodson, G. Wadge, S. J. Waugh et al., Atmospheric water vapour correction to InSAR surface motion measurements on mountains: results from a dense GPS network on Mount Etna, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, vol.27, issue.4-5, pp.363-370, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S1474-7065(02)00013-X

P. W. Webley, Atmospheric water vapor correction to InSAR surface motion measurements on mountains: Case Study on Mount Etna, 2003.

P. W. Webley, G. Wadge, and I. N. James, Determining radio wave delay by non-hydrostatic atmospheric modelling of water vapour over mountains, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, vol.29, issue.2-3, pp.139-148, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pce.2004.01.013

U. Wegmuller and C. Werner, Gamma SAR processor and interferometry software, ESA SP, pp.1687-1692, 1997.

U. Wegmuller, T. Strozzi, and L. Tosi, ERS and ENVISAT dierential SAR interferometry for subsidence monitoring, ERS -ENVISAT Symposium, pp.685-692, 2000.

C. Werner, U. Wegmuller, T. Strozzi, and A. Wiesmann, Interferometric PointTarget Analysis for deformation mapping, International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2003.

S. Illiams, Y. Bock, and P. Fang, Integrated satellite interferometry: Tropospheric noise, GPS estimates and implications for interferometric synthetic aperture radar products, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.102, issue.46, pp.27051-27068, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/98JB02794