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Sport, inclusion et innovation : le cas italien du "Baskin" (2001-2013)

Abstract : Baskin (inclusive Basketball) was born in Italy in the early 2000s to allow the joint participation of so-called "able-bodied" players and players with disabilities. By focusing on the emergence of this new sport, this study aims to understand how well the sports logic can co-exist with the inclusive logic. The process of social innovation, as represented by the evolution of Baskin in Italy from 2001 to 2013, provides a privileged key for reading this study, which addresses the conflict arising from the tendency of sport to generate selection and homogeneity and the tendency of inclusion to value heterogeneity. To what extent does Baskin represent a new cultural model in sport and design an original form of social interaction ? Can it be considered an innovative democratic fiction situated in this paradoxical in-between which reconciles heterogeneity and competition and avoids at the same time the twin pitfalls of standardization and charitable welfarism ? This dual identity, sport and inclusiveness, gives Baskin strenght but also fragility. That's why the development of this new sport reveals an open and uncertain process of many parts : first the educational engineering of Baskin according to the principles of Design for all, then its delicate process of diffusion into the social environment, and finally the first steps of institutionalization of this new practice, with the aim of ultimately incorporating it into the shared cultural heritage. An ethnological investigation was carried out in a effort to reconstruct significant fragments of this "unique" case, through a transdiciplinary approach
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Alexy Valet. Sport, inclusion et innovation : le cas italien du "Baskin" (2001-2013). Education. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LYO10318⟩. ⟨tel-01069780⟩

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