Espace et poésie chez Baudelaire : typographie, thématique et énonciation

Abstract : This thesis deals with the value and functioning of spatiality in the poetry of Baudelaire. Its principal focus is on a type of framing that, paradoxically, makes it possible to produce the impression of depth: what Baudelaire called "l'infini dans le fini". One of its aims is to demonstrate the importance of this dialectic aesthetic in the poetry that he composed between 1857 and 1863: the period, notably, of the second edition of the Fleurs du Mal and most of the Petits Poèmes en Prose. The work is organized into three parts, each of which analyzes a different aspect of poetic space. The first analyzes the visual effect of the layout of the Fleurs du Mal, with the white space that marks the division of the poem into parts, the white line, the margins, and the use of punctuation. This leads us to the question of the textual spatiality of the prose poem. The analysis in the second part, which focuses mainly on Le Spleen de Paris, bears on another spatiality: that which is opened up by the recurring representation of framing objects such as frames, clocks, windows, and eyes. Finally, the third section adds a third dimension of space, this one involving the instance of discourse, using linguistic and pragmatic analysis. Thus, this thesis aims to bring to light a homology that links together elements of Baudelaire's poetry between 1857 and 1863 that are as essential as they are varied—typography, thematic material, and enunciation—in the evocation of "l'infini dans le fini".
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Daichi Hirota. Espace et poésie chez Baudelaire : typographie, thématique et énonciation. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA030108⟩. ⟨tel-01069650⟩

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