Élaboration de la silice magnétique colloïdale pour application en biologie moléculaire : extraction des acides nucléiques

Abstract : Currently, the genetics and DNA-based applications are developing very vast. All these applications such as gene therapy, diagnosis and PCR (polymerase chain reaction) require a previous step, which is the isolation and purification of genetic materials from their compartment. Taking care that the extraction method should produce the DNA in high purification state and in good conditions. The DNA extraction and purification are well known from long time ago, but these methods are time and organic solvents consuming. Nowadays, new nanotechnology-based techniques allow establishing rapid, efficient, environment respecting and cheaper isolation methods for DNA extraction. Silica-coated magnetic emulsions as a form of core-shell were successfully synthesized for magnetic separation of DNA. Magnetic core is the separation tool and silica shell is the DNA capturer and releaser part. The silica-coated magnetic emulsions synthesis was carried out in three steps. Starting from the organic ferrofluid synthesis by the coprecipitation of ferrous and ferric chlorides in aqueous ammonium hydroxide solution. The iron oxide nanoparticles were coated with oleic acid layer and redispersed in octane. Second step consisted of preparation of magnetic emulsion. The obtained ferrofluids used as oil to prepare oil in water emulsion (O/W) and SDS was used as surfactant. Then, the magnetic emulsion particles, the magnetic droplets, were coated with silica shell using the sol-gel process. The encapsulation was performed using TEOS as silica precursor and its hydrolysis was catalyzed by ammonium hydroxide. Particles characterization showed that the performed synthesis produced perfect core-shell particles. These particles have been used to study the DNA binding in different conditions of pH, ionic strength and DNA concentration in solution. Results show good fixation and release of DNA molecules by the silica magnetic particles. In addition to the extraction results, the colloidal stability and speed separation of silica coated magnetic particles, these particles can be recommended as strong DNA separation tools
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Ahmad Bitar. Élaboration de la silice magnétique colloïdale pour application en biologie moléculaire : extraction des acides nucléiques. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LYO10115⟩. ⟨tel-01069003⟩

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