Temps et métamorphoses dans l’œuvre dramatique d'Arthur Schnitzler, Paul Claudel et Marguerite Duras

Abstract : Time is both an objective idea, external to man and an emanation of its subjective perception. In his relation to time, man is consequently endlessly involved in a dialectic between the real time, that he is submitted to, and the imaginary time, that he creates. Drama - a work of imagination dedicated to be inscribed in the actual time of representation - is the privileged ground for the observation of this dialectic. The latter will be even more intense in the case of a dramatic work setting in the foreground the psyche of the characters and more particularly their subjective perception of time. Now, this question seems to lie at the heart of the dramatic works of Arthur Schnitzler, Paul Claudel and Marguerite Duras. The characters of their books show in a significant way a desire to escape the irreversible manner time is passing, and dramatic art lets us feel a will to play with it and to free itself from its linearity. The idea that I will try to demonstrated in this thesis is that the treatment of time, in the plays of these three writers, is underlain by the desire to escape the passage of time. Seven parts will compose this study. I will first focus on the linear representation of time, before studying how it takes a new shape once filtred by subjective experience : elastic time, repeated time, eternal time, and time started a new. I will eventually wonder if, for these authors, the ultimate emancipation towards the irreversible passage of time could lie in the dramatic representation itself.
Keywords : Drama Time
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Aude Crétien. Temps et métamorphoses dans l’œuvre dramatique d'Arthur Schnitzler, Paul Claudel et Marguerite Duras. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA030077⟩. ⟨tel-01068552⟩

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