L’architecture du discours, du caractère au type : Quatremère de Quincy et l’inversion des valeurs de l’architecte à la fin de l'âge classique

Kerim Salom 1
1 IPRAUS - Institut Parisien de Recherche Architecture Urbanistique Société
UMR AUSser - Architecture Urbanisme Société : Savoir Enseignement Recherche
Abstract : The study examines the relationships between theory of architecture and reflections on art at the end of the classic age. Through the analysis of the discourse on architecture, by considering the architect as an author, the research treats the question of expressiveness of the architectural object. It focuses on the aesthetic of architects, as a theory of sensation of beauty. Two words are studied in their discourse: character and type. Two concepts that summarize two theories of art antagonists, because they refer to two different visions of the world: that of Blondel, Boullée and Ledoux, which is closer to nature, and that of Quatremère de Quincy, which is already go into history. The survey stops on his determining role in the artistic landscape of 19th century in France, and its application to introduce a theory of idealistic art borrowed from German and Scottish art critic. By forging the concept of type, Quatremère de Quincy contributed to revaluate durably the values of architects, until the 20th century, by imposing a universalist and abstract design against an empirical understanding of reality, a representation of the imagination against a reflection based on discursive understanding, an ideal imitation against the classic art principle of imitation of nature. The concept of ideal type was forged on contact with the writings of philosophers, naturalists and philologists, who always had a strong influence on the artistic theories. Also, the study proposes to include the discourse of the architect in a more general epistemological field to confront his voice to those of these scientists and thinkers. Through the comparative analysis of the concepts of imitation, judgment of taste and style, central themes of theories on architecture, the study questions the place of history in the design process, as well as the role of memory and habit at the time of reception of the work by the public
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Kerim Salom. L’architecture du discours, du caractère au type : Quatremère de Quincy et l’inversion des valeurs de l’architecte à la fin de l'âge classique. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST1040⟩. ⟨tel-01066805⟩

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