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Theses

Ionic liquids for the separation of gaseous hydrocarbons

Abstract : The goal of this research was to synthesize, characterize and study the potential of selected ionic liquids as solvents for the separation of ethane and ethene. The influence on ethene absorption of the presence of three different metallic cations, lithium (I), nickel (II) and copper (II) in an ionic liquid was also studied. The selected ionic liquids are based in the imidazolium cation containing a functionalization in the alkyl side chain. The chosen anions were the bis(trifluorosulfonyl)imide, [NTf2], the dicyanamide, [DCA] and the methylphosphite, [C1HPO3]. Several parameters were taken into account for this primary evaluation, such as measurements of density, viscosity and absorption of each gas in the ionic liquids, since an ideal separation solvent should have a high absorption capacity and gas selectivity, low viscosity, high thermal stability and fast absorption kinetics for the selected gas. The absorption of the 2 gases in the pure ionic liquids and ionic liquid + metallic salt solutions was measured in the temperature range between 303.15 K and 353.15 K and for pressures close to atmospheric. The ideal selectivity of the ionic liquid for the absorption of ethane compared to ethene was determined. The determination of the gas solubility in function of the temperature allowed access to the thermodynamic properties of solvation of the gases in the ionic liquids, and a deeper understanding of the gas-ionic liquid interactions and the structure of the solution
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Leila Moura. Ionic liquids for the separation of gaseous hydrocarbons. Theoretical and/or physical chemistry. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014LYO10097⟩. ⟨tel-01064777⟩

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