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Assistance à l'élaboration de gammes d'assemblage innovantes de structures composites

Abstract : The purpose of this PhD is to develop a method to assist assembly technique selection and component geometrical tolerance allocation in the context of composite aeronautical structure assembly. The proposed method consists in formulating and solving a multiobjective optimisation problem aiming at minimising a cost indicator and a non-conformity indicator. The cost indicator account for both the cost involved by the geometrical tolerance allocation and the cost associated with the assembly operations. The proposed non-conformity indicators are evaluated according to the probabilities of non-satisfied requirements on the assembled structures. These probabilities are computed thanks to Geometrical Variation Propagation Relation (GVPR) that expresses the characteristics of the product as a function of the geometrical deviation of the components and the dispersion occurring during the assembly. In the case of composite aeronautical structures, the product characteristics can be gaps at interfaces between components. In this case, the GVPR is evaluated by solving a non-linear quasi-static mechanical problem by the mean of the finite element method. A metamodel of the GVPR is built in order to reduce the computing time and to make it compatible with the probabilistic methods used to evaluate the non-conformity. Finally, the use of a structure-functional model of the product together with an assembly technique library allows defining a parametric assembly process plan. The multiobjective optimisation problem built thanks to set of parameters defining the assembly process plan is solved using a genetic algorithm.
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Loïc Andolfatto. Assistance à l'élaboration de gammes d'assemblage innovantes de structures composites. Autre. École normale supérieure de Cachan - ENS Cachan, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013DENS0026⟩. ⟨tel-01062127⟩

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