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Héritage, patrimonialisation, revitalisation ? : approche ethnologique des transmissions de la langue bretonne en Bretagne (France) éclairées par celles de la langue française en Saskatchewan (Canada), dans les filiations

Gaëlle Violo 1 
1 CRBC Brest - Centre de recherche bretonne et celtique
UBO - Université de Brest, IBSHS - Institut Brestois des Sciences de l'Homme et de la Société
Abstract : This thesis concerns the transmissions of the Breton language in Brittany (France) and the French language in Saskatchewan (Canada), in the descent. In both cases, the speakers of these two languages live in a minority context, and the intergenerational transmission is not any more obvious. In an anthropological approach, the objective is to understand how the individuals are consistent with the continuity, real or fictitious, from a break. To understand the various logics of present linguistic transmissions, the family trajectories of the Breton and the French are described and analysed, from discourses.So, there are many ways to envisage the linguistic transmissions, and by the same their origins in descent are revealed. The first one is in line with inheritance. The language is perceived as an inherited object of the previous generations, its practice joining the continuity. Another one is to do patrimony, remarkable in Brittany. In this case, the individuals claim the Breton as a patrimony, a thing to be protected, carrier of the cultural diversity. They express a link with the previous generations, but from a break. Finally, the languages can be also envisaged, in particular for the institutions which administer it, as symbols : it's the third logic of transmission, the revitalization. The relationship in the origins is modified and expressed itself differently in Brittany and in Saskatchewan.
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Gaëlle Violo. Héritage, patrimonialisation, revitalisation ? : approche ethnologique des transmissions de la langue bretonne en Bretagne (France) éclairées par celles de la langue française en Saskatchewan (Canada), dans les filiations. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013BRES0007⟩. ⟨tel-01059795⟩

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