La feinte de corps au rugby : déterminants biomécaniques, processus de détection et action de défense : pourquoi l'expert est-il meilleur ?

Sebastien Brault 1, 2
2 MIMETIC - Analysis-Synthesis Approach for Virtual Human Simulation
UR2 - Université de Rennes 2, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique , IRISA-D6 - MEDIA ET INTERACTIONS
Abstract : This work comes from several observations. First, it is now accepted that the ability to pick up and attend to the most relevant visual information from an opponent action is a determinant of performance and even more so if the action is uncertain and deceptive. The second observation, deriving from the first, is that deception is put into play in many human interactions, and it is particularly crucial in sports strategies. Finally the last observation is that exploration of athletic performance, for methodological or theoretical reasons, can't explain, in certain cases, why an expert is better than a novice.The aim of our work is to understand these determinants (perception and action) of expertise in a 1 vs. 1 duel in rugby, presenting an attempt of deceptive movement by the attacker. We summarize this work in three specific questions we answer: How to make a deceptive movement? How to detect a deceptive movement? How to answer to a deceptive movement? The first study aims to analyse the biomechanical differences between a movement with a simple changeof direction and a deceptive movement in rugby. The second study, using virtual reality, links the prospective information of the attacker's movement and the decision making of the rugby defender (expert or novice). Finally, based on a quasi-similar methodology, the third study immerses the participants in a situation requiring a complete action of defence, allowing us to explore the perception and action strategies of the participants. This whole process allows us to demonstrate the effectof expertise but also to explain why experts are better by drawing up the differences characterizing them in terms of perception and action strategies. If the implications mainly concern the field of rugby (basic knowledge and training), they are also of great interest for any interaction, human or animal, involving deception. We are convinced, a predatory animal, apoker player, a defender of basketball ... must present similar strategies to detect the deceptive intention of an opponent.
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Sebastien Brault. La feinte de corps au rugby : déterminants biomécaniques, processus de détection et action de défense : pourquoi l'expert est-il meilleur ?. Neurosciences. Université Rennes 2, 2011. Français. ⟨tel-01058976⟩

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