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Jardins et jardiniers : les pieds dans la terre, la tête dans les nuages. Une anthropologie du potager

Abstract : Since the 19th century, the image we have of gardens has depended on the purpose of whether it is for pleasure or utility. Thus gardening would be aimed, above all at producing, in opposition to growing his own garden for fancy. The study of numerous food gardens and their gardeners ’way of doing shows that these places are full of will and symbols far beyond the mere preoccupation of growing food. This is the case of those gardens away from home such as collective, family orcommunal gardens, but also others such as food gardens in Papua New Guinea and Amazonia, or transitory gardens in New York. The intimacy of a garden, the memory of the place, the “relationship” with the soil, the growing of one’s own food, the collective dimension and the exposure to people’s eyes are incentives for a strong and symbolic commitment. This generates approbation, sociability and expression; a way of making his presence real to the world, his relationship with time, the environment, the others and with himself. The heavenly myth may be built on these aspects which are seized by philosophers and poets as well. This study aims also at highlighting the hiatus between the conception of the gardens proposed by the councils and the gardeners’ daily practices.
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Vincent Larbey. Jardins et jardiniers : les pieds dans la terre, la tête dans les nuages. Une anthropologie du potager. Sociologie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013MON30037⟩. ⟨tel-01056999⟩



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