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Gouverner la métropole par les déchets. Service urbain, action publique territoriale et écologie urbaine à Buenos Aires

Abstract : Last debates on environmental, social and economical urban performances have given a great share to waste management problems and shown that asserting one's point of view on urban refuse also commits the metropolitan territories. In Buenos Aires (Argentina), socio-economical fragmentation, suburbanization and decentralization processes challenge the centralized sociotechnical system created in 1977. A difficult transition in the city's urban ecology put at stake the waste recollection and treatment urban services organization. During the last military dictatorship (1976-1983), sanitarism had been a guide for waste metropolization as well as for the cinturón ecológico project. Nevertheless, this paradigm lasted until the failure of the liberal economic system popped out with the 2001 crisis. Massive wastepicking and recycling by the cartoneros opened the way for waste to become a public environmental problem. Transformations in public action enlighten new issues. At the international level, decision-makers try to promote urban sustainable management, by institutionalizing the waste picking activity, supporting secondary-raw material trade and protecting natural resources. But those projects often convey sanitary and real estate uncertainties among social actors, who try to participate into their governance. They use contestation as a way to put forward their own scenarios, either for transjuridictional and reticular waste picking territories or for waste treatment ones, on the metropolitan edges.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01054708
Contributor : Marie-Noëlle Carré <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 18, 2016 - 6:25:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 17, 2019 - 2:44:48 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01054708, version 2

Citation

Marie-Noëlle Carré. Gouverner la métropole par les déchets. Service urbain, action publique territoriale et écologie urbaine à Buenos Aires. Géographie. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2013. Français. ⟨tel-01054708v2⟩

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