Performances des procédés physico-chimiques et membranaires pour l'élimination des ions fluorure dans les eaux de forage : application aux eaux tunisiennes

Abstract : The issue of the removal of excess fluoride ions present in well water for human consumption can be solved using several methods. In this PhD thesis, four processes have been tested: adsorption using cuttlefish bone particles, adsorption on calcite particles with acid acetic addition, nanofiltration and ion exchange. The aim is to optimize the different processes by using model solutions of fluoride ions, and to treat a Tunisian groundwater at these optimal conditions. The limiting concentration given by the WHO is 1,5 mg.L-1. The adsorption using cuttlefish bone, available in Tunisia, is simple to implement and provides treatment at small scale with very competitive costs by using a non-toxic material. Defluorination of groundwater shows that the water treated with cuttlefish bones has a residual fluoride concentration of 1.3 mg L-1 (TR = 61.5%). In the case of precipitation of fluoride ions in the form of fluorite followed by microfiltration, the addition of acetic acid to the particles of calcite (CaCO3) promotes the removal of fluoride. Defluorination groundwater shows that the treated water has a residual fluoride concentration of 1.24 mg L-1 (TR = 53.7 %). Using a ion exchange resin Purolite A520E, defluorination groundwater shows that water treated has a residual fluoride concentration of 1.2 mg L-1 (TR = 54%). Nanofiltration is particularly interesting as it allows the treatment of large volumes. The retention of fluoride ions are again satisfactory (88% and 57%)
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Anis Ben Nasr. Performances des procédés physico-chimiques et membranaires pour l'élimination des ions fluorure dans les eaux de forage : application aux eaux tunisiennes. Génie des procédés. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013LYO10181⟩. ⟨tel-01045117⟩

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