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Etudes biophysiques de l'interaction entre la protéine humaine TRBP et un précurseur de microARN oncogène

Abstract : MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression through RNA interference (RNAi). Human miRNAs are generated via a series of enzymatic processing steps. In particular, in the cytoplasm, the precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA) is recognized and cleaved by a complex containing the RNase III enzyme Dicer and several non-catalytic accessory proteins. HIV TAR element-binding protein (TRBP) is a constituent of the Dicer complex, which augments complex stability, has effect on the cleavage kinetics and on the cleavage site and potentially functions in substrate recognition and product transfer to the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). TRBP is composed of three double stranded RNA binding domains (dsRBDs). The RNA binding region of TRBP is composed of the first two dsRBDs and an uncharacterized interdomain region. The present study reports the in vitro biophysical characterization of the RNA binding region of TRBP in the apo state and in the RNA bound state with the two successive cytoplasmic precursors of the oncogenic human microRNA miR-155, the hairpin pre-miR-155 and the related Dicer product miR-155/miR-155* duplex. The study shows that the RNA binding region of TRBP is monomeric and comprises two independent double-stranded RNA-binding domains connected by a 60 residues flexible linker. The first dsRBD, uncharacterized previously in solution, undergoes a full folding/unfolding equilibrium in a wide range of physico-chemical conditions. The two first dsRBDs of TRBP can interact with one microRNA precursor and two RNA binding regions can interact with one precursor molecule. The RNA-binding region of TRBP interacts with both pre-miR-155 and miR-155/miR-155* duplex with similar affinities. In the complex with one RNA binding region of TRBP bound to either pre-miR-155 or miR-155/miR-155* duplex, no evidence of contact between the two dsRBDs were observed and the protein interacts with both precursors via the same protein binding surface. The data presented here suggest that the RNA binding region of TRBP can play a role before and after processing of pre-miRNAs by Dicer, including in the RISC loading complex.
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Matthieu Benoit. Etudes biophysiques de l'interaction entre la protéine humaine TRBP et un précurseur de microARN oncogène. Autre. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENV015⟩. ⟨tel-01038628⟩

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