L'internationalisation imparfaite d'une modernité nord-atlantique : essai d’histoire croisée des politiques publiques du handicap en Argentine, au Brésil et en Espagne (1956-1982)

Abstract : This tesis aims at reconstituting the genesis and the development of the public policies of disability (1956-1982), with an entangled perspective between Spain, Argentina and Brazil. The method of entangled history encourages us to consider the singularity of the national development of public policies according to the scope of the feasibilities imagined at an international scale and to the standards promoted by the intergovernmental organisations. At the end of the Second World War, the intergovernmental organisations (UN, WHO, ILO) develop a new social innovations project in the field of rehabilitation, which is inspired by the anglo-saxon and scandinavian experience. This project is qualified as « modern » in order to discredit the european methods of reeducation developed after the First World War. We name it north-atlantic modernity of rehabilitation. It is mostly defined by a liberal legality in the field of work (refusal of quotas measures applied to private companies, selective placement, creation of sheltered workshops for people which are considered less productive), but also by coordination's principle of the sectorial policies, and by a tendency to equalization of the rights of all categories of disabled. The objective of our thesis is to understand the mechanisms and limits of the internationalization of this north-atlantic modernity in these three countries. At a national scale, the multiple actors who build the public policies of disability appropriate themselves the north-atlantic modernity principles to defend or contest them
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 23, 2014 - 9:40:43 AM
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Gildas Brégain. L'internationalisation imparfaite d'une modernité nord-atlantique : essai d’histoire croisée des politiques publiques du handicap en Argentine, au Brésil et en Espagne (1956-1982). Histoire. Université Rennes 2, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014REN20012⟩. ⟨tel-01037929⟩

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