Restitution du monoxyde de carbone observé par satellite dans l'infrarouge : validation et variabilité à l'échelle globale

Abstract : Carbon monoxide (CO) is measured from space since the year 2000 by several instruments. CO plays an important role in atmospheric chemistry and climate as it is the largest sink of the hydroxyl radical (OH), and thus impacts the oxidizing power of the atmosphere and the concentrations of greenhouse gases (such as methane and ozone). CO is mainly formed by the incomplete combustion of fossil, bio-fuels and biomass burning. Due to its long lifetime (1 to 2 months) it is therefore used as a pollution tracer in the troposphere.The first part of this PhD work consists of validating CO measurements from the limb- viewing ACE-FTS instrument using a set of independent data measured by instruments onboard aircraft, satellites and at ground-based stations.The second part of my work consists of studying the temporal and spatial variability of CO and focuses on studying 6 years of CO data measured by IASI (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer), launched in 2006 onboard the MetOp-A satellite. I contributed to the validation of the retrieved data, which are now widely distributed to the scientific community, with different applications. For example the study of fire events, the follow-up of pollution plumes during measurements campaigns, building inter-annual trends, generating pollution forecasts (MACC project), and improving emission inventories.The last part of my PhD work consists of quantifying and explaining the differences between MOPITT (Measurements Of Pollution In The Troposphere) and IASI CO products. Due to the fact that IASI will likely outlive MOPITT, it is essential to evaluate the CO retrievals from these instruments against each other. I studied the impact of the a priori assumptions choice which is a major component of the retrieval algorithms. A new MOPITT product using IASI a priori profile and covariance matrix is built. Total CO columns of this new product are globally in good agreement with the initial MOPITT product. Local differences are investigated and shown to be due to the influence of the a priori profile and mainly its a priori covariance matrix which can be seen when studying the shape of the retrieved profiles.
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Maya George. Restitution du monoxyde de carbone observé par satellite dans l'infrarouge : validation et variabilité à l'échelle globale. Sciences de la Terre. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PA066069⟩. ⟨tel-01037924⟩

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