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Patrimoine régional, administration nationale : la conservation des monuments historiques en Alsace de 1914 à 1964

Abstract : Between 1914 and 1964, the conservation of historic monuments in Alsace was progressively made subject to French administrative practices. However, the institutions introduced in the Reichsland of Alsace-Lorraine before 1914 were kept in force after 1918 and some of these were even extended to the départements ‘de l’Intérieur’. After the centralisation of the services of Alsace and Lorraine in 1925, the historic monuments of Alsace were subject to the same budgetary limitations as the other French départements. But in Alsace, the maintenance of the system of ‘cultes concordataires’ allowed religious buildings which were protected as historical monuments to enjoy support from the ‘budget des Cultes’. Apart from this, the départements of Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin took up the responsibilities of the old Land of Alsace-Lorraine to support the maintenance of historic monuments. The conservation of the historic monuments of Alsace constitutes a real national expense : the number of protected monuments is constantly rising, with the memories and remains of the two world wars and French architectural monuments particulary highly valued, while the monuments which had been restored by German architects before 1914 are often ‘de-restored’. The field of protection is progressively extending to picturesque sites, to the surroundings of monuments and to old urban centres. Finally, the knowledge of Alsace’s heritage is progressing, thanks to the preparation of new inventories.
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Nicolas Lefort. Patrimoine régional, administration nationale : la conservation des monuments historiques en Alsace de 1914 à 1964. Sociologie. Université de Strasbourg, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013STRAG012⟩. ⟨tel-01037903⟩

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