Dynamique du déplacement de parois magnétiques dans les couches ultra-minces à forte interaction spin-orbite

Abstract : The study of current-induced magnetic domain wall motion through spin transfer torque has attracted a lot of attention in recent years, especially since new magnetic memories devices based on this effect have been proposed. Recently, a new mechanism allowing for highly efficient current-induced domain wall motion has been discovered in ultrathin asymmetric materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and high spin-orbit coupling. However this mechanism, named spin-orbit torque, and its effect on domain wall motion are not yet well understood.The objective of this work was to study the influence of this spin-orbit torque on domain wall motion. For that, I have studied field- and current-induced domain wall motion in Pt/Co/AlOx trilayer, in the presence of an in-plane magnetic field. This work allowed highlighting the existence of an asymmetric effect in the domain-wall dynamics of this system.In order to explain this result, we have proposed a new kind of domain wall structure, resulting from Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in materials with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and high spin-orbit coupling. Using analytic calculations and micro-magnetic simulations, this domain wall dynamics has been studied and compared to the experimental results. Finally, a second approach based on the presence of an anisotropic damping mechanism has also been proposed to explain the asymmetric effect observed experimentally.
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Emilie Jué. Dynamique du déplacement de parois magnétiques dans les couches ultra-minces à forte interaction spin-orbite. Physique [physics]. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENY061⟩. ⟨tel-01022827v2⟩

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